Analysis of effects by milestones may enhance understanding of cessation treatments and their mechanisms of action.
The authors conducted a prospective examination of multiple adolescent predictors of generalized health risk in early adulthood.
Results indicate the importance of better understanding and addressing the needs of this understudied group of high-risk youth.
Over the past several years, there has been growing interest in identifying distinct developmental trajectories of substance use.
Taken together, the findings highlight an avenue for program improvement through increased impact on peer influence to use alcohol and drugs.
Most smokers do not plan to quit in the next 6 months.
Importance of curbing smoking behavior among adolescents before it becomes habitual.
Different risk and protective factors are relevant to understanding why smokers attempt to quit vs. why they are able to quit for 6 months or longer.
To examine annual hospitalization rates for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions (ACSCs) among Medicare HMO beneficiaries.
Evaluates the consistency of primary care physician (PCP) attitudes toward
smoking cessation counseling and their corresponding smoking-cessation
behaviors; PCP attitudes were positively associated with patient-reported
smoking cessation behavior.
These results suggest that the link between substance use and early marriage reflects a disposition toward risky or unconventional behavior.
Contingency management interventions effectively reduce or eliminate some individuals' problem substance use.
To synthesize the evidence on the effectiveness of smoking-cessation interventions by type of provider.
Smoking initiation typically occurs in adolescence and increases over time into emerging adulthood.
Behavioral interventions that provide incentives contingent upon abstinence are effective addiction treatments.
This paper reports results over a 6-year period for a multisite randomized trial that achieved reductions in drug use during the junior high school years.
This report, based on 2000 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) data, presents prevalence estimates for current use of smokeless tobacco, cigars, bidis, kreteks, and pipes among youth in the United States.
To identify predictors of the transition from experimentation to regular smoking in middle adolescence, late adolescence, and young adulthood.
This paper considers the political economy of tobacco regulation-that is, the interplay between politics and markets in tobacco regulation.
At age 23, African Americans and Asians exhibited substantially lower rates of current smoking than Whites and Hispanics.