The present study examined smoking prevalence and the demographic, clinical and psychosocial characteristics associated with smoking among a sample of Veterans Affairs primary care patients with probable major depression.
College students documented their exposure to pro-smoking media messages during their normal routine over a three-week period. After exposure to just one, their smoking intentions immediately increased by an average of 22 percent. Smoking intentions decreased with each passing day but remained elevated for seven days.
Health risks such as tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption and unhealthy body weight contribute to the development of chronic health problems.
The public acceptability of government interventions to change behavior is greatest for the least intrusive interventions, which are often the least effective, and for interventions targeting the behavior of others, rather than the respondent him or herself.
Adolescents' perceptions of peer substance use grow significantly during their middle school years. These can affect current and future use. Early interventions that limit this influential factor may be appropriate during this developmental period.
The goals of tobacco control endgame strategies are specified in terms of the desired levels of tobacco use and/or tobacco related health consequences.
Viewing tobacco ads in retail locations may be associated with higher smoking risk. The tobacco industry has begun using these promotions more than traditional channels, such as billboards and magazines.
Exposure to prosmoking media (e.g., smoking in movies, advertising in magazines) contributes to smoking in young people.
Relationships between specific features of individuals and particular features of specific objects over time in specific contexts could be what creates the conditions necessary for stopping problematic substance use.
In a Northern Italian population, the absolute risk of lung cancer among never smokers is higher in women than men but among smokers is lower in women than men. Lexpit regression is a novel approach to additive-multiplicative risk modeling that can contribute to clearer interpretation of population-based case–control studies.
This article describes the procedures used in the PROMIS® Smoking Initiative for the development and evaluation of item banks, short forms, and computerized adaptive tests (CAT) for the assessment of six constructs related to cigarette smoking.
There is a strong association between adolescents' beginning to work and their beginning to smoke. Thus the workplace may be an appropriate venue for antismoking interventions targeting youth.
The aim of the PROMIS® Smoking Initiative is to develop, evaluate, and standardize item banks to assess cigarette smoking behavior and biopsychosocial constructs associated with smoking for both daily and non-daily smokers.
This study described the prevalence and risk factors for nonmedical prescription drug use (NMPD) among injection drug users (IDUs) recruited at syringe exchange programs (SEPs) in California.
Exposure to movies that portray motivations for smoking places adolescents at particular risk for future smoking.
The authors assessed intergenerational transmission of smoking in mother-child dyads.
The strong link between having a best friend who smoked and increased adolescent smoking isn't affected by individual factors such as self-esteem, depressing and access to cigarettes.
Increases in reading skills and numeracy skills substantially increase the odds that an individual will quit smoking.
Analyzes the impact of worksite wellness programs on health and financial outcomes, and the effect of incentives on participation.
This study used ecological momentary assessment to examine acute changes in college students' future smoking risk as a function of their exposure to prosmoking media (e.g., smoking in movies, paid advertising, point-of-sale displays).