Many rural agricultural areas around the world are facing severely depleted groundwater resources, which farmers rely on for irrigation. This dissertation explores the changes that would follow a move to formalize water markets and establish tradable water rights.
Limiting climate change will require transformation of energy and other systems. A new model that uses Robust Decision Making tools enables decisionmakers to compare the long-term sustainability of alternative carbon emission reduction policies.
An analysis of 10 states and the United States overall predicts that there will be no widespread premium increase in the individual health insurance market under the ACA. However, the cost of policies will vary among states and will be influenced by individual factors such as a person's age and whether they smoke.
Economic cooperation between Turkey and Iran has increased over the past decade — mainly due to Iran's vast oil and natural gas reserves — but the degree of cooperation between the two nations should not be exaggerated.
This report investigates the effects of being symptomatic of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on labor market earnings of reservists in the years following deployment.
Groups of the EU population most at risk of poverty that are likely to grow include the elderly, migrants, and single heads of households. Managing the transition to an increasingly aging population while maintaining high welfare standards will depend upon reform of pension and healthcare systems, and labor markets.
These proceedings summarize the key themes and issues raised during a September 2012 RAND symposium. Discussion focused on how hedge funds might contribute to systemic risk and the extent to which recent financial reforms address these risks.
The evidence on the availability and use in Europe of diverse tobacco and nicotine products such as waterpipes and new products such as electronic cigarettes or dissolvable smokeless tobacco is patchy, with high variability in both the quality of data and the regulatory environment.
A series of studies on sources of variation in individual valuation of employer-provided group health care found that the effects of bundling health insurance with employment in the U.S. can vary significantly within different population groups.
The ACA requires the government to work with insurance issuers to establish at least two multistate plans (MSPs) in each state's health insurance exchange. MSPs may be especially attractive to those interested in issuers that operate in multiple states, such as out-of-state students or temporary workers.
China is the controlling producer of 11 raw and semi-finished critical materials and has instituted export restrictions that create pressure to move manufacturing to China. Action is needed to mitigate the impact of such market distortions on the global manufacturing sector.
Policymakers need to understand whether military spouses succeed at finding jobs and how veterans fare economically after they leave the military. But these groups differ from the civilian population in important ways, making comparisons difficult.
Provides three distinct analyses addressing labor supply, saving and investment behavior of older workers, in the context of the incentives and constraints they face due to employer and government policies.
The main focus of this research was to provide an assessment of the success with which Ofcom has delivered regulatory outcomes by comparing them with other national communications regulators in other countries.
This dissertation covers three topics -- three points of view -- of issues in international migration.
Examines the adequacy of disability compensation to offset the reduction in civilian earnings opportunities that are associated with veterans' service-connected disabilities.
Because of disability compensation, the income of military service members who suffer serious or very serious injuries is on average about 36 percent higher four years following deployment than what would have been expected had they not been injured.
Turkey aspires to become a key transit state for moving both natural gas and oil from the Caspian region and from the broader Middle East via pipelines crossing its territory. U.S.-Turkish cooperation on energy security issues offers a promising yet modest opportunity to strengthen the bilateral relationship.
The sea lanes that supply Asia's energy needs are already vulnerable to geopolitical concerns and the threat of piracy. One approach to protecting them would be employ multiple U.S. military and government elements; a second would be to promote the capabilities of and cooperation among nations in the region.
This study examines the overall scale and trend of price promotions and discounts in some European countries and the responses of consumers and suppliers to a variety of alcohol regulations, including excise duties.