Merchants who hold more pro-enforcement attitudes engage in more responsible beverage service training practices, which in turn is associated with greater enforcement of underage drinking. These attitudes are potential targets of prevention efforts.
The use of propensity scores to control for pretreatment imbalances on observed variables in non-randomized or observational studies examining the causal effects of treatments or interventions has become widespread over the past decade.
Assessed whether providing prevention coalitions with Getting To Outcomes-Underage Drinking (GTO-UD) helped improve implementation of two common EAP strategies, responsible beverage service training (RBS) and compliance checks.
Understanding factors associated with heavy drinking among homeless youth is important for prevention efforts.
There is a strong association between adolescents' beginning to work and their beginning to smoke. Thus the workplace may be an appropriate venue for antismoking interventions targeting youth.
Familism and parental respect are culturally derived constructs rooted in Hispanic and Asian cultures, respectively.
Cultural values affect the likelihood that adolescents will begin to use alcohol.
Interventions that address potentially detrimental consequences of low socioeconomic status and adverse school environments may help reduce racial and ethnic differences in child health.
Exposure to movies that portray motivations for smoking places adolescents at particular risk for future smoking.
This study demonstrates that it is possible to determine whether group motivational interviewing (MI) is implemented with integrity in the group setting and that MI in this setting is different from what takes place in usual care.
The authors assessed intergenerational transmission of smoking in mother-child dyads.
This study seeks to assess more comprehensively the results of decisions on whether and how to 'schedule' (i.e. to determine their legal status and penalties to be applied for sale or possession) newly emerging drugs.
The strong link between having a best friend who smoked and increased adolescent smoking isn't affected by individual factors such as self-esteem, depressing and access to cigarettes.
If prevention researchers build programs with developmentally relevant content, and provide this content in an engaging, confidential, and non-judgmental way, it can help middle school-aged children avoid alcohol.
This study examined whether an adolescent's self-identified race moderates the perceived effectiveness of anti-smoking messages.
The goal of this study is to better understand the longitudinal cross-lagged associations between popularity, assessed through self-rating and peer nominations, and alcohol use among middle school students.
The association between peer smoking and adolescent smoking initiation appears to be due to both peer selection and direct influence.
Community practitioners can face difficulty in achieving outcomes demonstrated by prevention science.
Neighborhood characteristics such as a higher unemployment rate and greater perceptions of safety appear to influence initiation of marijuana use and binge drinking, respectively. The mechanisms appear to be distinct for each substance.
This article considers the problem of examining causal effect moderation using observational, longitudinal data in which treatment, candidate moderators, and putative confounders are time-varying.