Interventions to prevent inhalant initiation should target sixth and seventh graders, address influence by family and peers, and provide skills training to improve drug refusal self-efficacy.
Adolescents' perceptions of peer substance use grow significantly during their middle school years. These can affect current and future use. Early interventions that limit this influential factor may be appropriate during this developmental period.
Friends are thought to influence adolescent drug use.
The current study used a sample of 193 at-risk youths with a first-time alcohol and/or other drug offense in the California Teen Court system to explore the moderating role of perceived peer alcohol norms on the association between mental health symptoms and drinking outcomes.
Media exposure related to alcohol or other drugs may affect adolescents' alcohol use. However, media literacy education may help.
Merchants who engage in state-approved “responsible beverage service” training are more likely to believe they'll be cited for selling alcohol to minors. Therefore, targeting merchant attitudes could be a successful way to encourage them to check IDs.
The use of propensity scores to control for pretreatment imbalances on observed variables in non-randomized or observational studies examining the causal effects of treatments or interventions has become widespread over the past decade.
Assessed whether providing prevention coalitions with Getting To Outcomes-Underage Drinking (GTO-UD) helped improve implementation of two common EAP strategies, responsible beverage service training (RBS) and compliance checks.
Homeless youth in the United States are more likely to drink or use drugs with those who engage in multiple risk behaviors and who occupy influential social roles (popular, opinion leaders, support providers, sex partners).
Studies have shown that communities have not always been able to implement evidence-based prevention programs with quality and achieve outcomes demonstrated by prevention science.
Group motivational interviewing (MI) interventions that target youth at-risk for alcohol and other drug (AOD) use may prevent future negative consequences.
CSAT-funded programs had higher rates of comprehensive mental health assessments, discharge planning, HIV, STD and TB testing, and HIV/AIDS education and support.
An examination into whether structural features of friendships moderate friends' influence on adolescent marijuana use over time found reciprocation in the friendship and popularity to be important mitigating factors in the process of influence.
A look at the Enhancing Quality Interventions Promoting Healthy Sexuality (EQUIPS) study, which tests how well a community-based setting (Boys & Girls Clubs) conducts a program to prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections.
Understanding factors associated with heavy drinking among homeless youth is important for prevention efforts.
There is a strong association between adolescents' beginning to work and their beginning to smoke. Thus the workplace may be an appropriate venue for antismoking interventions targeting youth.
Familism and parental respect are culturally derived constructs rooted in Hispanic and Asian cultures, respectively.
Cultural values affect the likelihood that adolescents will begin to use alcohol.
Interventions that address potentially detrimental consequences of low socioeconomic status and adverse school environments may help reduce racial and ethnic differences in child health.
Exposure to movies that portray motivations for smoking places adolescents at particular risk for future smoking.