Underdeveloped Countries

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More than three-fourths of the world's population live in so-called developing countries: nations that may not have a stable economy, energy supply, or advanced technology, and whose population may lack access to jobs, food, water, education, health care, and housing. RAND takes a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the problems of international development and recommends policy solutions for global, national, and local economies.

  • Children in Ecuador waiting in meal line

    Project

    Pardee Initiative Offers Bold Ideas for Global Human Progress

    Jan 27, 2014

    Launched in December 2013 with a generous grant from Frederick S. Pardee, the Pardee Initiative for Global Human Progress is a new approach to chronic problems faced by the developing world, most notably food insecurity and challenges of urbanization.

  • Fotolia_51764611_Subscription_Monthly_XXL

    Project

    RAPID Seeks to Enhance Wellbeing of People in Developing Countries

    Dec 23, 2011

    Understanding the factors influencing economic growth and development is crucial to enhancing the human welfare of a nation. Research and Policy in International Development (RAPID) is a research center committed to fulfilling this objective.

Explore Developing Countries

  • Chinese currency

    Commentary

    China's Foreign Aid Offensive

    China has given an average of $174 billion per year in foreign assistance for the last six years. How will the scale of its foreign aid change in the future?

    Jun 29, 2015

  • A farmer in China inspects his rice

    Blog

    Reaching the 80 Percent: Q&A with Krishna Kumar

    Krishna Kumar discusses studying agriculture in China, low-income housing in India, and labor markets in Bangladesh, and how research can help the developing world.

    Jun 15, 2015

  • Trainee health workers preparing to don protective suits at a World Health Organization training session in Freetown September 30, 2014

    Commentary

    What the Ebola Crisis Taught Us About Emergency Preparedness

    The 2014 Ebola outbreak was the most severe of its kind. At the height of the crisis, 800 to 1,000 new cases were reported per week in Africa across the three most heavily affected countries. As of last week, there were only 12 confirmed cases. What must be done to prevent and mitigate future crises of this nature?

    Jun 4, 2015

  • Tailor working in shop in Bangladesh

    Project

    The Formal-Informal Labor Nexus and Growth in Bangladesh

    RAND is collaborating with the BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD) at BRAC University in Dhaka to study the relationship between labor markets in the formal and informal sectors in Bangladesh and the role of the informal sector in stimulating economic growth.

    Apr 22, 2015

  • Report

    Identifying and Mitigating Risks in Security Sector Assistance for Africa's Fragile States

    Often those countries most in need of security sector assistance are least able to make good use of it. The author explores the risks of assistance to the fragile states of Africa and how the United States might better anticipate and mitigate them.

    Apr 15, 2015

  • 135380205

    Project

    Assessing the Effectiveness of Conditional Cash Transfers as a Development Mechanism

    Conditional cash transfer programs (CCTs) are seen as particularly effective in low- and middle-income countries, but relatively little is known about the interface between the supply of services and program administration and specific human development outcomes. RAND Europe assessed the effectiveness of CCTs through a two-year grant from UK Economic Social Research Council and Department for International Development.

    Mar 30, 2015

  • Supporters of Nigerian presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari gesture in front of his election posters in Kano March 27, 2015

    Commentary

    What's at Stake in Nigeria's Elections

    Next to ethnic and religious predilections, security is by far the biggest issue for Nigerians in Saturday's election. For more than 50 years, since Nigeria's independence from British rule, its military has played an important role in peacekeeping across the continent. Paradoxically, the country has struggled with an insurgency within its own borders.

    Mar 27, 2015

  • An Imam recites verses from the Koran through a megaphone in an effort to 'heal' patients with mental health problems in Mogadishu, Somalia

    Commentary

    Mental Health Care in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and Opportunities

    Depression is the leading cause of disability throughout the world and is especially prevalent among low-income African countries, where 75 percent of the people who suffer from mental illness do not have easy access to the mental health care they need.

    Mar 10, 2015

  • Class for Nigerian midwives

    Project

    Evaluation of the Nigerian Midwives Service Scheme

    The Better Obstetrics in Rural Nigeria (BORN) Study examines the effectiveness of the MSS. A nested qualitative study led by RAND Europe evaluated nine primary care clinics that appeared to be having differing success in terms of recruitment/retention of midwives and uptake of services.

    Mar 5, 2015

  • Mural at the Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe

    Project

    The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative's Capacity Building Activities in East Africa

    The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) helps to bridge the gap between scientific and technological potential and the needs of low income populations in low and middle income countries. RAND Europe is evaluating its capacity-building activities - including training, advocacy and broader community engagement activities - in Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda.

    Feb 23, 2015

  • U.S. President Barack Obama and India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi wave before their meeting at Hyderabad House, New Delhi, January 25, 2015

    Commentary

    U.S.-India Relations: Will the Obama-Modi Personal Chemistry Suffice?

    U.S. President Barack Obama's visit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi in India has generated generally positive reactions from analysts. These judgments will be reinforced if the leaders' current chemistry changes Indo-U.S. policy for the better.

    Feb 3, 2015

  • push pins on a map

    Report

    Mapping Diasporas in the European Union and United States

    Diaspora communities generally fare better in the U.S. and Europe than those who remained in their countries of origin, but not as well as U.S. and European nationals. Policymakers and others seeking to engage with diaspora groups may benefit from eight recommendations developed through a synthesis of quantitative mapping and analysis of engagement strategies and diaspora survey results.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • Map and pushpins

    Report

    Mapping Diasporas in the European Union and United States: Comparative analysis and recommendations for engagement: summary report

    This summary provides an overview of diasporas present in Europe and the US, and delivers concrete recommendations for engaging with diasporas.

    Dec 29, 2014

  • Worker weaving fabric on loom in factory

    Report

    Human Resource Practices for Labor Inspectorates in Developing Countries

    This review highlights the state of knowledge about the conditions, competencies, and incentives needed for labor inspectors in developing countries to successfully carry out their work.

    Dec 15, 2014

  • The Mariannhill landfill site in Durban, South Africa

    Commentary

    In South Africa, Bold Investments Turn Trash into Treasure

    In South Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, investments made over the past 20 years have created a dump with a difference. Rather than being a blight on the neighborhood of Mariannhill, the state-of-the-art Mariannhill Landfill Conservancy is an asset.

    Dec 3, 2014

  • Report

    The international dimension of research and innovation cooperation addressing the grand challenges in the global context

    Horizon 2020, the EU's biggest research funding programme, allows the EU to play a central role in solving some of the world's grand societal challenges. This brief informs EU policy decisionmaking on research and innovation funding.

    Oct 23, 2014

  • Women Attend Classes in Rural Community of Senegal

    Project

    Transitions to Adulthood: Education, Skills, and Labor Market Outcomes in Madagascar and Senegal

    RAND and its partners are analyzing long-term longitudinal data from Madagascar and Senegal to examine the roles of education, skills, and family background for young men and women who are transitioning into the workforce.

    Oct 22, 2014

  • World Bank staff share their definitions of "A Good Job"

    Commentary

    Solutions for Youth Employment: New Coalition Takes on Pervasive, Persistent Global Problem

    Youth unemployment is a pervasive and persistent worldwide scourge: 75 million youth are unemployed now and that rate is expected to rise. RAND joined the World Bank, Accenture, International Youth Foundation, and others to form Solutions for Youth Employment, a unique coalition that acts to increase youth opportunities for productive employment.

    Oct 17, 2014

  • A Syrian refugee and her newborn baby at a clinic in Ramtha, Jordan

    Commentary

    The Health Needs of Syrian Women in and Around the Za'atari Refugee Camp

    The Syrian conflict has been the main contributor to the largest refugee crisis since the 1994 Rwandan genocide—and the problem can be expected to get worse as the fighting continues. Small steps are being taken to meet the needs of women refugees but more needs to be done.

    Oct 13, 2014

  • Pardee RAND doctoral candidates Nelly Mejia and Crystal Huang with RAND senior economist Peter Glick

    Announcement

    RAND Joins Coalition to Tackle Youth Unemployment

    The RAND Corporation has joined the World Bank and other corporate and civil society leaders to establish Solutions for Youth Employment, a global coalition that acts to address the pervasive challenges of youth employment.

    Oct 9, 2014