Urban warfare can take many forms, from guerrilla attacks to militia patrols to gang violence, but fighting in cities and towns — where civilians are at risk and combatants can hide more easily — is markedly different from combat in a more open or defined theater of operations. Determining how to assess enemies, mount a defense, and protect civilians is a focus of urban warfare research at RAND.
Research conducted by:
RAND Arroyo Center;
RAND National Security Research Division;
RAND Project AIR FORCE
Senior Policy Researcher
Ph.D. in American history, University of Kansas; M.S. in systems management, University of Southern California; M.S. in civil engineering and m.s. in operations research, Stanford University; M.M.A.S. in civil engineering and m.s. in operations research, School of Advanced Military Studies; B.S. in civil engineering and m.s. in operations research, United States Military Academy, West Point