Vaccination has eradicated many of the world's most deadly infectious diseases and is used to prevent childhood diseases, highly contagious diseases such as influenza, and viruses causing dangerous, chronic conditions such as hepatitis. Much of RAND's research on vaccination focuses on identifying barriers to immunization, determining strategies to promote vaccination, and studying the impact of vaccines on health in the United States and globally.

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    Journal Article

    Child Vaccines Have Low Risk of Harmful Side Effects

    Jul 2, 2014

    Concerns about vaccine safety have led some parents to decline recommended vaccination of their children, leading to the resurgence of diseases. Harmful side effects are extremely rare and must be weighed against the protective benefits that vaccines provide.

Explore Vaccination

  • Journal Article

    Promoting HPV Vaccination in Safety-Net Clinics: A Randomized Trial

    This study evaluates effects of a multicomponent intervention (human papillomavirus [HPV] vaccine-specific brochure and recalls) on HPV vaccination and secondarily examines if race/ethnicity moderates effects.

    Nov 20, 2015

  • Report

    RAND Review: September-October 2015

    This issue of RAND Review reports on the staggering costs of dementia in the United States; the most critical global choices and challenges the next U.S. president will likely face; tips to protect the health of kids heading back to school; and more.

    Aug 21, 2015

  • Mural at the Uganda Virus Research Institute, Entebbe


    The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative's Capacity Building Activities in East Africa

    The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) helps to bridge the gap between scientific and technological potential and the needs of low income populations in low and middle income countries. RAND Europe is evaluating its capacity-building activities - including training, advocacy and broader community engagement activities - in Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda.

    Jul 30, 2015

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    Vaccines: The Real Story

    Medical expert Melinda Moore, M.D., outlines the facts about vaccines in the wake of a new California law requiring all schoolchildren to be vaccinated.

    Jul 7, 2015

  • Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California


    The Disneyland Measles Outbreak: “Anti-Vaxxers” Aren't the Only Issue

    The recent measles outbreak that began in Disneyland is the latest reminder that Americans have ceded ground in the fight against the potentially deadly disease. So-called “anti-vaxxer” parents have received a lot of attention following the outbreak, but they may comprise less of the population than you think.

    Mar 17, 2015

  • Doctor administering vaccination to patient

    Journal Article

    The Relationship Between Influenza Vaccination Habits and Location of Vaccination

    Medical settings are still best at capturing individuals who are not in the habit of getting regular influenza vaccinations.

    Dec 23, 2014

  • A protestor demonstrates in favor of a travel ban to stop the spread of Ebola, in front of the White House, October 16, 2014


    Your Questions on Ebola, Answered

    Melinda Moore, a RAND public health physician and senior researcher, hosted an “Ask Me Anything” session on Reddit to answer questions about Ebola, including whether a U.S. travel ban would help prevent the spread of the deadly disease.

    Oct 21, 2014

  • Two girls blowing their noses


    Germs Go Back to School, Too: Five Ways to Protect Your Kids

    With kids working and playing in close contact and sharing supplies and equipment, schools can be hotbeds for infection. Each year, K-12 students miss about 60 million school days due to colds and the flu combined. But these five approaches can help reduce their chance of spreading infections and getting sick.

    Aug 25, 2014

  • Medical staff put on protective gear before taking a sample from a suspected Ebola patient in Kenema, Sierra Leone, July 10, 2014


    Six Takeaways from the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa

    No amount of research can save those who've already perished from Ebola in West Africa, but our capacity to learn from such tragedies is a silver lining that has historically enhanced global resilience to disease. With that in mind, here are six key lessons from the outbreak.

    Aug 8, 2014

  • A child receives polio vaccination during an anti-polio campaign on the outskirts of Jalalabad, Afghanistan


    An Outbreak of Outbreaks

    Lately, stories about outbreaks seem to be spreading faster than the diseases themselves. An outbreak of measles in Ohio is just part of an 18-year high of U.S. cases. Meanwhile, polio continues to circulate in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria, while spreading to other countries.

    Jun 11, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Issuance of Patient Reminders for Influenza Vaccination by U.S.-based Primary Care Physicians During the First Year of Universal Influenza Vaccination Recommendations

    We interviewed 493 members of the Physicians Consulting Network to estimate the number of physician-reported influenza vaccination reminders during the 2010–2011 influenza season.

    Jun 1, 2014

  • doctor wearing mask with baby patient


    Are County Masking Requirements the Future of Influenza Prevention?

    If it doesn't seem that state laws as currently written can help increase the number of health care workers vaccinated against influenza, then what can? There is evidence that imposing consequences for vaccination refusal, including the requirement to wear a surgical mask, can help.

    Nov 20, 2013

  • Vaccination in the arm


    Health Care Personnel Could Be Key in Flu Prevention, Not Just Treatment

    More than a dozen hospital staffers in four states have been terminated for refusing flu shots in the midst of a fierce flu season. Yet only one-tenth of health care employers require their staff to be vaccinated.

    Jan 17, 2013

  • Syringe and vaccine medicine

    Journal Article

    Requiring Vaccinations Among Health Care Personnel

    California's influenza immunization requirement for health care personnel was too weak to encourage hospitals with low vaccination rates to improve. Hospitals with high vaccination rates were able to comply by simply maintaining current practices.

    Jan 1, 2013

  • Doctor giving vaccination to woman in exam room


    Health Care Providers May Be the Key to Improving Flu Vaccination Rates

    For vaccination to become a public health priority in the U.S., stakeholders must strengthen guidance for providers, which would make it easier for physicians to both assess vaccination needs and aid communication with patients about the efficacy and safety of vaccines.

    Dec 4, 2012

  • man getting his arm wrapped


    Retail Clinics Play Growing Role in Health Care Marketplace

    Retail health care clinics provide treatment for acute conditions like bronchitis as well as vaccinations and other preventive care. With the role of retail clinics expanding and U.S. health care entering a dynamic period of change, it is important to consider what we know about this emerging health care setting.

    Sep 11, 2012

  • News Release

    Use of Retail Medical Clinics Continues to Grow; Older Patients and Preventive Services on Rise

    Visits to retail medical clinics increased four-fold from 2007 to 2009, with the proportion of patients over age 65 growing from 8 to 19 percent of all visits during this period. More than 44 percent of visits occurred on the weekend or other hours when physician offices typically are closed.

    Aug 15, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Retail Clinics Now Providing Millions of Vaccinations Annually

    Retail clinics—which provide health care within supermarkets, pharmacies, and stores—are a promising and popular venue for the promotion and administration of vaccinations. However, they could become more viable by reviewing patient histories and providing counsel about vaccination benefits.

    Jul 1, 2012

  • Research Brief

    A Shot in the Arm for Adult Vaccination

    Vaccine-preventable diseases take a heavy toll on U.S. adults despite the widespread availability of vaccines. Office-based providers can do more to promote adult vaccinations but need clearer guidance and a better business case to offer them.

    May 16, 2012

  • Journal Article

    Support for Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Requirements Among US Healthcare Personnel

    A majority of HCP support influenza vaccination requirements. Moreover, providing HCP with information about the safety of influenza vaccination and communicating that immunization of HCP is a patient safety issue may be important for generating staff support for influenza vaccination requirements.

    Mar 1, 2012

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