An attacker's missile-borne countermeasures to ballistic missile defenses are known as penetration aids, or penaids. This research recommends export controls on penaid-related items under the Missile Technology Control Regime.
Feb 26, 2014
A weapon of mass destruction (WMD) is a weapon — be it nuclear, radiological, chemical, biological, or explosive — that can kill or injure large numbers of people or greatly damage the infrastructure of a country or region. RAND provides policymakers with objective guidance and recommendations to improve WMD preparedness, detection, and response, as well as international collaboration to counter WMD threats.