This study evaluates effects of a multicomponent intervention (human papillomavirus [HPV] vaccine-specific brochure and recalls) on HPV vaccination and secondarily examines if race/ethnicity moderates effects.
This study examines the synergies that exist between decision-analytic models and health care utilization data that are increasingly accessible through research networks that assemble data from the growing number of electronic medical record systems.
Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods of birth control, which include the intrauterine device and subdermal implant, are highly effective, very safe, preferable to women, and cost effective. But some states' contraceptive policies create direct and indirect barriers to LARC use.
To improve maternal and child health, the Nigerian government introduced the Midwives Service Scheme (MSS), a program to increase access to skilled care in rural areas. Experts evaluated the impact of MSS and found that initial improvements were not sustained.
Nigeria is the world's second-largest contributor to under-five and maternal mortality. To address low rates of use of maternal and child health services, the government deployed midwives to work in rural communities. How effective has this program been?
The aim of this study was to assess reproducibility of the four-category Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System [BI-RADS] density measure and examine its relationship with a continuous measure of percent density.
Data on effectiveness of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)–uninfected women attempting conception with HIV-infected male partners are limited to observational studies.
Worldwide, nearly 800 women die every day due to mostly preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. More than half of these deaths occur in fragile states torn by armed conflict and generalized violence.
RAND Labor and Population conducts research related to children and families, including childhood health and access to health care, children's success in early childhood programs such as child care and preschool, and government assistance programs for low-income families.
This study tests a theoretical model of social and structural (socioeconomic status and access to health care) and cultural factors (acculturation and fatalism) as correlates of mammography screening among Dominican Latinas.
The authors conducted eight focus groups of female UCPPS (interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome) patients at four sites from the MAPP Research Network to explore the full spectrum of flares and their impact on patients' lives.
The Better Obstetrics in Rural Nigeria (BORN) Study examines the effectiveness of the MSS. A nested qualitative study led by RAND Europe evaluated nine primary care clinics that appeared to be having differing success in terms of recruitment/retention of midwives and uptake of services.