Two recent studies led by RAND Health behavioral scientist Rebecca Collins examined the impact of TV sex on teenagers’ sexual beliefs and activities.
Offers some practical implications based on the first study to demonstrate a link between exposure to sexual content on TV and subsequently becoming pregnant or being responsible for a pregnancy before the age of 20.
This fact sheet describes a model of constrained choice that explains how policy decisions at the family, work, community, and government levels can have unintended consequences that ultimately produce differences in men's and women's health.
Details the results of a preliminary investigation into whether Assisted Reproductive Technologies can play a part in preventing European countries from falling into the low-fertility trap.
Among a random sample of 460 homeless (sheltered) women and 438 women living in low-income housing (housed women) in Los Angeles County, 83 percent reported that they had been tested for HIV at least once: 88 percent of sheltered women versus 80 percent of housed women.
By examining the medical files of 9,672 women treated between 1990 and 2001, a newly released study by RAND researchers sought to confirm whether obese women are in fact systematically undertreated for breast cancer.
Examines the main critiques of family planning programs and places these in historical context. Also examines the research record to assess the validity of these criticisms and to document how programs have evolved in response to these criticisms.
The better family planning services prevented abortion rates from increasing in a setting in which they otherwise might have.
Examines the historical causes underlying traditionally high abortion rates in Russia, the contribution of family planning programs in recent years to reducing abortion rates, and prospects for continued improvement.
The survey results suggest that attitudes toward abortion exert only a minor influence in shaping the American public's attitude toward family planning.
Examined: (1) the effects of childbearing on women's health later in life, (2) the relationship between poor vision and well-being of older individuals, and (3) the effect of socioeconomic and health issues on the driving patterns of the elderly.
The report focused on three issues: fertility trends in developing countries and their implications, the value of family planning programs, and program costs and donor support.
Millions of women in developing countries who would prefer to postpone or avoid pregnancy do not use contraceptives. These women have an "unmet need" for contraception.
Controlling for access to services, education is a powerful predictor of both fertility and contraceptive use, particularly among younger women, who have benefited from the large increase in education opportunities since independence.
A new RAND study conducted for the World Bank suggests that, for countries like Indonesia with a well-developed family-planning infrastructure, further investments are best directed toward improving women's educational and employment prospects.