Women's Health

  • Stethoscope on woman's chest


    Should You Get Screened for Heart Disease?

    Many think of cardiovascular disease (CVD) primarily as a male problem. But one in three adult women has some form of CVD, which has killed more American women than men every year since 1984. Cardiovascular risk assessments can help women understand their current risk and health behaviors.

    Jul 24, 2014

  • Young woman cycling


    Take the Morality Out of Health Choices: Stop the Blame Game

    Framing positive health behaviors as good or virtuous and less effective or harmful ones as bad trips most people up on a regular basis. People would do well to think of positive health behaviors—such as getting a good night's sleep or eating healthy foods—as doing what works, rather than as being virtuous.

    Jul 10, 2014

  • woman at a gym with a fitness trainer


    Have You Estimated Your Cardiovascular Risk?

    Research suggests that setting a baseline by getting an estimate of your individual cardiovascular risk can help you see more clearly what you have at stake and what you can do to improve your chances of a long and healthy life.

    Jun 26, 2014

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    First Steps Toward Addressing DR Congo's Rape Crisis

    An effort to address atrocities against women in the Democratic Republic of Congo has fallen short of advocates' hopes for justice. With its focus on criminal prosecution, the strategy failed to consider the weak infrastructure of the judicial system, left victims' needs unmet, and did little to address prevention.

    Jun 11, 2014

  • doctor taking a patient's blood pressure


    5 Steps to Decrease Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

    Five steps could help reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease, especially if you track your efforts: know your risk, increase physical activity, reduce sedentary time, improve nutrition, and get enough sleep.

    Jun 11, 2014

  • woman getting blood drawn from her finger

    Research Brief

    Mapping Gender Gaps in Health Care

    Mapping regional rates of cholesterol screening among patients with cardiovascular disease and diabetes reveals significant gender gaps: Women are often less likely to receive screenings.

    Jun 11, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Depressive Symptoms and Longitudinal Changes in Cognition: Women's Health Initiative Study of Cognitive Aging

    Elevated depressive symptoms (DS) are associated with incident mild cognitive impairment and probable dementia in postmenopausal women.

    May 19, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Costs and Benefits of Treating Maternal Depression

    Untreated maternal depression has serious consequences for the mother's long-term health and for her child's development and functioning.

    May 1, 2014

  • mother, daughter, granddaughter


    Assessing and Addressing Women's Health and Health Care

    Women make up a majority of the U.S. population. Yet research policies and practices often treat women's health and health care as special topics or minority issues. The resulting knowledge gaps hamstring efforts to improve women's health care and outcomes even for cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among women.

    Mar 28, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Impact of Daily Assessments in Distress and PTSD Symptoms in Trauma-Exposed Women

    Using a sample of 202 female college students, we examined the changes in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and general psychological symptomatology among groups of trauma-exposed and non-trauma-exposed women randomly assigned to complete 30 days of daily monitoring of traumatic symptoms and substance use behaviors using personal digital assistants (PDAs).

    Mar 1, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Gender-based Analysis Is Essential to Improving Women's Health and Health Care

    Until access, quality, and outcomes of care are tracked by gender, inequity in treatment will remain unmeasured and potential intervention points will remain understudied. Gender-based analysis can lay the groundwork to develop more effective decision tools and interventions, and in turn improve both women's and men's health and health care.

    Mar 1, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Landmark Estimation of Survival and Treatment Effect in a Randomized Clinical Trial

    In many studies with a survival outcome, it is often not feasible to fully observe the primary event of interest. This often leads to heavy censoring and thus, difficulty in efficiently estimating survival or comparing survival rates between two groups.

    Mar 1, 2014

  • woman getting her blood pressure checked by a doctor in a bright room


    Caring for Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes, Why Gender Matters

    High-quality routine care for both cardiovascular disease and diabetes is at least as relevant to women's health and survival as it is to men's. Yet evidence suggests that women continue to face gaps in even low-cost, routine aspects of care.

    Feb 27, 2014

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    Women's Heart Disease Awareness

    Friday is National Wear Red Day, when people are asked to wear red to raise awareness about the health risks women face from heart disease. Too little attention is devoted to preventing heart disease in women and improving the quality and outcomes of their care.

    Feb 5, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Acculturation and Sleep Among a Multiethnic Sample of Women: The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN)

    US-born Hispanic/Latina, Chinese, and Japanese immigrants were more likely to report sleep complaints than their first-generation ethnic counterparts, a finding largely explained by language acculturation and unmeasured factors associated with language acculturation.

    Feb 1, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Fluid Consumption by Mexican Women During Pregnancy and First Semester of Lactation

    The objective of this study was to describe daily fluid consumption in a sample of pregnant or lactating adult women.

    Feb 1, 2014

  • Journal Article

    Transforming Nurse Home Culture: Evidence for Practice and Policy

    The nursing home culture change movement aims to improve resident quality of life and quality of care by emphasizing the deinstitutionalization of nursing home culture and focusing on person-centered care.

    Feb 1, 2014

  • stethoscope with red heart


    Women's Heart Health: Research That Matters

    The care that women receive for cardiovascular disease (CVD) lag behind those of men, despite the fact that more women have died from CVD each year for decades. Experts explain CVD within the context of women's health, outlining possible solutions for improving quality of care.

    Jan 31, 2014

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    Nurturing Children and Families

    RAND Labor and Population researchers are at the forefront of efforts to understand how early childhood experiences influence outcomes later in life and how public policy can help families raise healthy children who are ready for the challenges of school and adolescence.

    Jan 22, 2014

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    Mapping Gender Differences in Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes Care

    The cardiovascular and diabetes-related care that women receive—and their relevant health outcomes—both lag behind those of men. This is true even for routine care, such as cholesterol monitoring and control. Awareness of this disparity is limited, in part, because quality of care is not routinely measured and reported by gender.

    Jan 16, 2014