We examined whether access to benefits varies by level of childcare responsibilities among employed parents of children with special health care needs (CSHCN).
Parents of newborns and seriously ill children often know about family leave options, but are too overwhelmed to apply for them. Most parents interviewed in this study wanted expert guidance and saw hospitals and clinics as promising information sources.
Military wives have a much greater tendency than similar civilian wives to be underemployed, although there does not seem to be a strong link between wives' labor force position and satisfaction with their life situation.
As the U.S. military continues to rely on the National Guard and Reserve for overseas deployments, making sure their families are adequately prepared for those missions is critical.
The U.S. military should reassess its child care system to look for ways to make it better fit the needs of military families and more effectively meet recruitment, readiness and retention goals.
California's pioneering paid family leave program has largely failed to reach one of its major target groups. Few parents of children with serious chronic illnesses have used the program, despite having paid into the program through payroll withholdings, and the vast majority of these parents aren't even aware that the program exists.
Working parents are more able to care for their chronically ill children when given greater access to federal and employer-provided time off from their jobs, according to a RAND Corporation study issued today.
April 12, 2007 news release:RAND Study Finds Divorce Among Soldiers Has Not Spiked Higher Despite Stress Created By Battlefield Deployments.
The authors use data from the earlier and later cohorts of the NLSY to estimate the effect of marriage and childbearing on wages. Estimates imply that marriage lowers female wages 2-4 percent in the year of marriage. Marriage also lowers the wage growth of men and women by about two and four percentage points, respectively. A first birth lowers female wages 2-3 percent, but has no effect on wage growth. Male wages are unaffected by childbearing. Findings suggest that early marriage and childbearing can lead to substantial decreases in lifetime earnings.
Senior Social Scientist; Professor, Pardee RAND Graduate School
Ph.D. and M.A. in sociology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; B.A. in sociology, Oberlin College
Ph.D. (in progress) in employment research, University of Warwick; M.Phil. in sociology, Cambridge University; M.S. in sociology, Nicholas Copernicus University; M.A. in literature and linguistics, Nicholas Copernicus University