Noha Abdel-Karim is an electrical engineer with a Ph.D. in engineering and public policy from Carnegie Mellon University. She is an expert in emerging energy and environmental matter in both government and the private sector. Her work includes geopolitical and national security aspects in assessing interconnected energy and other critical infrastructure work. She develops and applies quantitative risk models, circuit designs, signal processing techniques and predictive algorithms to evaluate scenarios, leverage large datasets, and identifies potential cumulative impacts and recommendations of national and state policies. She has applied these methods across projects on models for electrical utility infrastructure projects. These projects included cost models for high-voltage transmission to distribution circuits, electrical substations, and recovery and resilience planning for critical infrastructure following extreme weather conditions in Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands. Prior to joining RAND, she worked as a manager of reliability assessments at the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC). She led their probabilistic modeling and study activities in the areas of bulk power system adequacy and reliability, negotiated contracts, and led various meetings, working groups and taskforces -bridging among policy makers, stakeholders and subject matter experts. Prior to NERC, she worked as a consultant at Pyramid Consulting International and implemented new operational strategies and identified cost-cutting measures to foster an environment of continuous improvement. Abdel-Karim is a peer reviewer of technical publications in the areas of power system operation and planning, renewable energy, and environmental regulations.