Caroline Baxter

Photo of Caroline Baxter
Senior Policy Analyst
Washington Office


M.A. in international security policy, Columbia University; B.A. in international relations, University of St. Andrews

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

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Caroline Baxter is a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation, where she focuses on issues related to great power competition, operational strategy, expeditionary warfare, and military readiness.  She has been detailed twice to the Department of Defense first in the Air Staff and then in the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.

Prior to coming to RAND, Baxter worked at the National Democratic Institute in the Middle East and North Africa section. Her work initially focused on Iran and Israel/Palestine, where she served as an election monitor in the West Bank during the presidential elections in January 2005. She subsequently concentrated on North Africa, and on Mauritania in particular, where she opened NDI's first office and co-managed NDI's international election observation mission to the post-coup presidential elections in March 2007.

Baxter holds a B.A. in international relations from the University of St Andrews, Scotland, and an M.A. in international affairs, with a concentration in international security policy, from Columbia University's School of International and Public Affairs.

Recent Projects

  • Getting to the Fight: Posture and Force Flow Tools for the U.S. Army
  • Integrating the Human Domain into Air Force Multi-Domain Operations

Selected Publications

Alkire, Brien.; Lingel, Sherrill Lee,; Baxter, Caroline.; Carson, Christopher M.; Chen, Christine.; Gordon, David.; Hanser, Lawrence M.; Menthe, Lance.; Romano, Daniel M., Command and Control of Joint Air Operations in the Pacific: Methods for Comparing and Contrasting Alternative Concepts, (RR-1865-AF), 2018

Rohn, Laurinda L.; Schaefer, Agnes Gereben.; Schumacher, Gregory A.; Kavanagh, Jennifer; Baxter, Caroline.; Donohue, Amy Grace., Integrating Active and Reserve Component Staff Organizations: Improving the Chances of Success, (RR-1869-OSD), 2019

F. Stephen Larrabee, Stuart E. Johnson, John Gordon IV, Peter A. Wilson, Caroline Baxter, Deborah Lai, Calin Trenkov-Wermuth, NATO and the Challenges of Austerity, RAND (MG-1196-OSD)

Stephen Watts, Caroline Baxter, Molly Dunigan, Christopher Rizi, The Uses and Limits of Small-Scale Military Interventions, RAND (MG-1226-RC)

Richard E. Darilek, Caroline Baxter, James A. Dryden, T.F. Lippiatt, Laurie L. McDonald, Michael J. Polich, Jerry Solinger, Stephen Watts, Assessing the Army's Active-Reserve Component Force Mix, RAND (RR-417-1-A)

Michael J. McNerney, Angela O'Mahony, Thomas S. Szayna, Derek Eaton, Caroline Baxter, Colin P. Clarke, Emma Cutrufello, Michael McGee, Heather Peterson, Leslie Adrienne Payne, Calin Trenkov-Wermuth, Assessing Security Cooperation as a Preventive Tool, RAND (RR-350-A)

John Gordon IV, Agnes Gereben Schaefer, David A. Shlapak, Caroline Baxter, Scott Boston, Michael McGee, Todd Nichols, Elizabeth Tencza, Enhanced Army Airborne Forces: A New Joint Operational Capability, RAND (RR-309-A)




  • U.S. President Donald Trump holds a bilateral meeting with President of the Philippines Rodrigo Duterte alongside the ASEAN Summit in Manila, Philippines, November 13, 2017, photo by Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

    If U.S. Forces Have to Leave the Philippines, Then What?

    If the United States were to lose access to bases in the Philippines, the effects would ripple outward. Maintaining alliances in the Indo-Pacific in all their manifestations is critical—and the details matter.

    Feb 28, 2020 Foreign Policy Research Institute

  • Panelists at the Roberta Wohlstetter Forum on National Security in Arlington, Virginia, October 24, 2018, photo by Grace Evans and Khorshied Samad/RAND Corporation

    Stop Calling Us 'Women Experts'

    To get to a place where a woman's expertise is valued as implicitly as a man's, women must be freed of the baggage of being “women scholars” and “women policymakers.” Instead, women must be given that most significant form of respect: Just call us experts.

    Oct 11, 2019 The RAND Blog