James B. Bruce

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Adjunct International and Defense Researcher
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Ph.D. in international relations, University of Denver; M.A. and B.A. in political science, Kent State University

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James Bruce is an adjunct international and defense researcher at the RAND Corporation and formerly a senior political scientist there, a retired senior executive officer (SIS) at CIA, and an adjunct professor at Georgetown and Florida Atlantic Universities. He leads research projects at RAND for U.S. Intelligence Community and DoD clients.

Bruce retired from CIA at the end of 2005 and served in the National Intelligence Council as deputy national intelligence officer for Science and Technology, and as vice chairman of the DNI Foreign Denial and Deception Committee. He held management positions in CIA's Directorate of Analysis, and in the Directorate of Operations as Chief of Counterintelligence Training. He also served as a senior staff member on the President’s Commission on the Intelligence Capabilities of the United States Regarding Weapons of Mass Destruction (Silberman-Robb WMD Commission). 

He has drafted and managed National Intelligence Estimates and authored numerous classified studies at CIA, the National Intelligence Council, and RAND. His unclassified publications have appeared in Studies in Intelligence, the American Intelligence Journal, the Journal of Strategic Security, The Intelligencer, the Defense Intelligence Journal, Group Dynamics, World Politics, several anthologies, and in numerous RAND reports. He co-edited, with Roger George, Analyzing Intelligence:  National Security Practitioners’ Perspectives, 2nd ed. (Georgetown University Press, 2014).

Bruce received his Ph.D. in international relations from the Josef Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver. He is a member of the board of directors of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers, and a U.S. Navy veteran. 

Concurrent Non-RAND Positions

Adjunct Professor, Georgetown University; Adjunct Professor, Florida Atlantic University

Recent Projects

  • Adapting the Secrecy Paradigm for the Future Information Environment

Selected Publications

James B. Bruce, "Countering Foreign Denial and Deception: The Rise and Fall of an Intelligence Discipline," Studies in Intelligence, Vol. 64, No. 1, March 2020, pp. 13-30. , 2020

James B. Bruce, Sina M. Beaghley, and W. George Jameson , Secrecy in U.S. National Security: Why a Paradigm Shift is Needed , (PE-305-OSD), 2018

James B. Bruce, "Keeping U.S. National Security Secrets: Why Is This So Hard?" The Intelligencer, 22(2), 2016

James B. Bruce, "Countering Denial and Deception in the Early 21st Century: An Adaptation Strategy When All Else Fails," American Intelligence Journal, 33(2), 2015

James B. Bruce and Roger Z. George, "Professionalizing Intelligence Analysis," Journal of Strategic Security, , 8(3), 2015

Honors & Awards

  • Gritton Award, 2015, won competitive $200,000 grant for innovative research proposal to study secrecy in government., RAND Corporation
  • Gold Merit Bonus Award, 2008, for successful business development and research studies for new US government client., RAND Corporation
  • Career Intelligence Medal, 2005, for outstanding career accomplishments., Central Intelligence Agency