Carole Roan Gresenz

Photo of Carole Gresenz
Adjunct Economist
Off Site Office


Ph.D. and M.A. in economics, Brown University; B.A. in economics, Loyola University Maryland

Media Resources

This researcher is available for interviews.

To arrange an interview, contact the RAND Office of Media Relations at (310) 451-6913, or email

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Carole Roan Gresenz is an adjunct economist at the RAND Corporation. Her research interests and expertise include health care organization and finance, health disparities in medical care, and access to and quality of care among vulnerable populations. Her ongoing work includes estimation of the effects of dementia on financial outcomes in the early stage of the disease, and analysis of the effects of aggressive versus conservative treatment for low-risk prostate cancer on mortality, adverse side effects, and episode treatment costs. Her recent work includes a critical synthesis of the effect of US gun policies on a range of outcomes and an examination of the effect of health information technology on the quality of ambulatory care. Gresenz served as the director of the Economics, Sociology, and Statistics Department at RAND from 2015-2018, and served as the associate director of the RAND Institute for Civil Justice and as the director of the Health Economics, Finance, and Organization program within RAND Health. She is currently the Bette Jacobs Endowed Professor in the Department of Health Systems Administration at Georgetown University. Gresenz serves on the editorial boards of Health Services Research and Medical Care Research and Review. She holds a Ph.D. in economics from Brown University and a B.A. in economics from Loyola University Maryland.

Recent Projects

  • Quantifying the effect of early stage dementia on financial outcomes
  • Assessing the value of aggressive treatment of low-risk prostate cancer
  • Gun Policy in America
  • Health information technology and quality of care in ambulatory settings

Selected Publications

Morral, A, Ramchand R, Smart R, Gresenz CR, et al. , The Science of Gun Policy: A Critical Synthesis of Research Evidence on the Effects of Gun Policies in the United States, RAND (RR-2088), 2018

Gresenz CR "Using Big Data to Assess Community Health & Inform Local Health Care Policymaking," in H. Kumar Jayasuriya and Kathryn Ritcheske, Big Data, Big Challenges in Evidence-Based Policy Making, West Academic Publishing, 2015

Saloner, B; Gresenz CR, "Health Care Experiences of Hispanic Children in Emerging and Traditional Destinations in the United States," Medical Care, 54(5), 2016

Escarce JJ, Edgington S, Gresenz CR, "Spillover Effects of Community Uninsurance on Awareness, Treatment and Control of Hypertension Among Insured Adults," Medical Care, 52(7), 2014

Miller A, Eibner C, Gresenz CR, "Financing of Employer Sponsored Health Insurance Plans Before and After Health Reform: What Consumers Don't Know Won't Hurt Them?" International Review of Law and Economics, (36), 2013

Gresenz, CR, Edgington S, Laugesen M, Escarce JJ, "Income Eligibility Thresholds, Premium Contributions, and Children's Coverage Outcomes: A Study of CHIP Expansions," Health Services Research, 48(2 Pt 2), 2013

Gresenz CR, Derose KP, Ruder T, Escarce JJ, "Health Care Experiences of Hispanics in New and Traditional Destinations," Medical Care Research and Review, 69(6), 2012

Gresenz CR, Edgington S, Laugesen M, Escarce JJ, "Take-Up of Public Insurance and Crowd-Out of Private Insurance under Recent CHIP Expansions to Higher Income Children," Health Services Research, 47(5), 2012