Evaluating an Operator Physical Fitness Test Prototype for Tactical Air Control Party and Air Liaison Officers: A Preliminary Analysis of Test Implementation
This report provides a preliminary evaluation effort of the implementation of the physical tests and standards being adopted by the U.S. Air Force Tactical Air Control Party and Air Liaison Officer career fields.
Jul 11, 2018
Effects of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) for Opioid Use Disorder on Functional Outcomes: A Systematic Review
A weak evidence base prevents strong conclusions about the effects of Medication Assisted Treatment for opioid use disorder on functional outcomes.
May 30, 2018
How Does Sagittal Imbalance Affect the Appropriateness of Surgical Indications and Selection of Procedure in the Treatment of Degenerative Scoliosis? Findings from the RAND/UCLA Appropriate Use Criteria Study
Sagittal imbalance -- an imbalance in the spine causing forward displacement of the head -- is a major factor affecting both whether surgery is appropriate and which procedure is preferred among patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis.
Apr 26, 2018
A systematic review that categorized and assessed the effects of peer interventions - by peer role, intervention type, and outcomes - suggests ways to involve peers that have improved health and wellness.
Aug 3, 2017
Promoting Physical Activity in High-Poverty Neighborhood Parks: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Modest efforts, such as free classes, to increase physical activity in high-poverty area parks attracted visitors during special programming but were not sufficient to increase overall park use.
Jul 18, 2017
Technical Quality and Clinical Acceptability of a Utilization Review Guideline for Occupational Conditions: ODG® Treatment Guidelines by the Work Loss Data Institute
The Official Disability Guidelines (ODG) Medical Treatment Guidelines is a utilization review guideline used in the field of workers' compensation. This report evaluates the ODG's technical quality and clinical acceptability.
Jul 18, 2017
The Official Disability Guidelines (ODG) Medical Treatment Guidelines are an important resource for workers' compensation systems because they can be used to contain medical care costs while assuring appropriate care is provided.
Recruiting Rural Healthcare Providers Today: A Systematic Review of Training Program Success and Determinants of Geographic Choices
Exposing medical students and residents to rural practice during their training is a promising approach to addressing the shortfall of providers in rural communities.
This report summarizes more than a decade of research on how well neighborhood parks in Los Angeles support physical activity. Between 2003 and 2015, researchers observed 83 parks and fielded nearly 28,000 surveys of park users and local residents.
Nov 1, 2016
This assessed the reliability of a tool (a 12-button counter) used to assess physical activity in parks.
Jun 6, 2016
This study examines the perceived threats of park use in low-income neighborhoods in Los Angeles.
Jan 21, 2016
This report describes the effects that alternative health care payment models have on physicians and their practices in the United States. It should help guide efforts to improve alternative payment programs and help practices succeed in them.
Mar 19, 2015
RAND researchers systematically reviewed scientific studies on routine vaccines recommended for children age 6 and younger in the United States and found that vaccines are very safe overall, and serious side effects are extremely rare.
Aug 8, 2014
This study systematically reviewed the literature on the safety of routine vaccines recommended for children in the United States.
Jul 2, 2014
This report conducts a systematic review of the literature on the safety of vaccines recommended for routine immunization of children, adolescents, and adults in the United States.
Jul 1, 2014
Reviews what has been learned over the past decade about performance-based payment strategies in health care and offers recommendations for the design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of value-based purchasing programs.
Mar 4, 2014
Measuring Success in Health Care Value-Based Purchasing Programs: Findings from an Environmental Scan, Literature Review, and Expert Panel Discussions
Reviews what has been learned over the past decade about performance-based payment strategies that link financial incentives to health care providers' performance on a set of defined measures in an effort to achieve better value.
Mar 4, 2014
How Much Neighborhood Parks Contribute to Local Residents' Physical Activity in the City of Los Angeles: A Meta-Analysis
Neighborhood parks contribute substantially to population moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA).