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July 19, 2019

Youth Sports, Autonomous Vehicles, Mental Health: RAND Weekly Recap

This week, we discuss why lower-income parents are less likely to involve their kids in sports; who is liable when autonomous vehicles are hacked; supporting children with mental health issues; the challenge of North Korean denuclearization; allegations of price gouging in the U.S. generic drug industry; and students with unique learning profiles.

Members of youth soccer teams walk onto the field with the Philadelphia Union before a match against the Portland Timbers at Talen Energy Stadium, Philadelphia, Pa., May 25, 2019, photo by Eric Hartline/USA Today Sports via Reuters

Members of youth soccer teams walk onto the field with the Philadelphia Union before a match against the Portland Timbers at Talen Energy Stadium in Philadelphia, May 25, 2019

Photo by Eric Hartline/USA Today Sports via Reuters

Youth Sports: Who Plays, Who Pays?

Lower-income parents are less likely than higher-income parents to involve their children in sports. That's according to a new RAND study. One reason for this gap is the costs, which are often passed along to families. At the same time, school funding for sports has remained flat or decreased. Community-based organizations may be able to help reduce out-of-pocket costs for parents. This could lead to more low-income kids enjoying the health and social benefits of sports.

Smart car 3D rendering, photo by Production Perig/Adobe Stock

Photo by Production Perig/Adobe Stock

When AVs Are Hacked, Who's Liable?

When autonomous vehicles hit the road, they could become a target for hackers who want to steal data or cause mayhem. Who is liable when these attacks occur? RAND researchers explored four potential scenarios to better understand the legal implications for manufacturers, vehicle owners, insurers, and policymakers. They found that existing civil liability law is flexible enough to address most claims involving hacked AVs.

Doctor speaking on the phone, photo by sturti/Getty Images

Photo by sturti/Getty Images

A Tool to Help Children in Need of Mental Health Care

An estimated half of the children in the United States with mental health issues do not receive the treatment that they need. A new RAND study examines one strategy that could help: hotlines that let doctors consult a child psychiatrist about urgent patient problems. Kids living in states with such programs were much more likely to receive mental health services than those living in states without them. These programs can complement other efforts to help children get the care they need.

U.S. President Donald Trump meets with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at the demilitarized zone on the border of North and South Korea, June 30, 2019, photo by Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

U.S. President Donald Trump meets with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un at the DMZ, June 30, 2019

Photo by Kevin Lamarque/Reuters

North Korean Denuclearization: A Tough Task for U.S. Negotiators

Last month, U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un met at the Demilitarized Zone. This provided a much-needed political boost for denuclearization talks. But U.S. negotiators face a tough road, says RAND's Naoko Aoki. For one thing, denuclearization is more complex today than in the past. There may also be time constraints tied to the U.S. political calendar.

White prescription pills on a U.S. $100 bill, photo by Stuart Ritchie/Getty Images

Photo by Stuart Ritchie/Getty Images

Price-Fixing Case Raises Concerns Over U.S. Generic Drug Industry

Earlier this year, 44 states filed a lawsuit accusing 20 major drug makers of inflating prices for generic drugs, including those that treat HIV, cancer, and depression. If these allegations are true, then the failures of generic drug manufacturers are more troubling—and more widespread—than anyone knew. That's according to RAND's Andrew Mulcahy. Many of the industry's problems could be remedied by addressing loopholes and market forces that prevent competition, he says.

A teacher holding a tablet and talking to a student, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

Photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

Supporting Students with Unique Learning Profiles

Teachers are vital to the success of all students. This is especially true for students who face unique challenges, such as learning disabilities or poverty. Do educators have what they need to help these pupils succeed? New RAND survey results show that most teachers say they have good support across many areas. But when it comes to training and preparation time, fewer teachers reported adequate support.

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