Congressional Briefing - May 14, 2007
Improving Recruitment and Retention in the New Orleans Police Department
AP IMAGES/STEVE KASHISHIAN
Presented by The RAND Safety and Justice Program in conjunction with the RAND Gulf States Policy Institute.
Bernard D. Rostker
Monday, May 14, 2007
3:00 P.M. - 4:00 P.M.
2237 Rayburn House Office Building
About the Program
Hurricane Katrina and the flooding that followed largely disabled the New Orleans Police Department (NOPD) and other city first responders. At the request of the NOPD RAND Corporation took a quick look study to help address the NOPD’s recruiting and retention problems and found that some low-cost initiatives can address these problems.
The report found:
- The NOPD is shrinking—during the 14 months following the storm of August 2005, the budgeted force shrank 15 percent and the actual force fell 18 percent
- Losses were concentrated disproportionately among the junior ranks—the officers who patrol the streets today and who are being groomed for future leadership
- The officers ended up becoming as much victims of the storm as the people of New Orleans they were trying to help
RAND identified initiatives to help address recruiting and retention problems:
- Consider a cost neutral option to reduce the generous retirement plan and use the savings to provide an increase in more immediate compensation.
- Have more frequent promotion examinations
- Offer housing as a noncash payment in exchange for commitment to years of service
- Actively recruit new officers
- Assure officers are assigned to uniformed personnel duties, not civilian tasks
- Rebuild police facilities, replacing current trailers and inadequate facilities
- Establish a charter high school for first responders followed by a clear career path into the fire and police department after graduation
About the Speaker
Dr. Bernard Rostker rejoined RAND as a Senior Fellow in January 2001, after serving as the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness (2000-2001). Prior to that, he served Under Secretary of the Army (1998-2000), Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (1994-1998), Special Assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense of Gulf War Illnesses. (1996-2001), and Director of Selective Service (1979-1981). He received the Distinguished Service Award five times for his service to the U.S. Government. He is also a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration. Since returning to RAND his research has focused on personnel issues for the DoD and several local police departments. He is the author of the critically acclaimed book, I Want You: The Evolution of the All-Volunteer Force.
Recruitment and Retention: Lessons for the New Orleans Police Department
By: Bernard D. Rostker, William M. Hix, Jeremy M. Wilson
Since Hurricane Katrina, resignations from the New Orleans Police Department (NOPD) have increased, and the department went more than a year without recruiting enough candidates to justify a police academy training course. This study presents practical recommendations for change that could help the NOPD improve recruiting and retention. Issues addressed include the lack of affordable post-Katrina housing, the fact that the families of many police officers no longer live in the New Orleans area, the destroyed departmental infrastructure, and a budget that does not provide enough resources to meet basic needs. The study focuses on compensation, including housing; the promotion process and the career management system; recruiting; the mix of officers and civilians; and ways to improve the morale of the NOPD. The recommendations, which are specifically tailored to the unique circumstances of the NOPD, include (1) using civilian employees, where appropriate, for jobs currently being performed by uniformed officers; (2) developing a proactive recruiting program; (3) offering some of the city's housing stock in-kind to police officers or selling the property and using the proceeds to improve compensation; (4) increasing the frequency of promotion examinations; (5) eliminating the backlog of promotions to higher levels in the department; (6) restructuring compensation to attract recruits and retain serving officers; (7) establishing a first-responders charter school; and (8) rebuilding the police infrastructure to improve morale.
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