National Security Issues

This page offers an easy way for policymakers to access national security research and analysis that is relevant to current Congressional agendas. For additional information, to request documents, or to arrange a briefing, contact the RAND Office of Congressional Relations at ocr@rand.org or (703) 413-1100 x5643.

Recent Findings

  • Navy Cmdr. Ryan T. Easterday, commanding officer of the guided missile destroyer USS John S. McCain, observes from the bridge wing as the ship sails in the South China Sea, Oct. 20, 2020, photo by Navy Petty Officer 2nd Class Markus Castaneda/U.S. Department of Defense

    Commentary

    Reinforcing U.S. Deterrence in the Indo-Pacific After the Fall of Afghanistan

    Sep 3, 2021

    China and North Korea are seizing on the U.S. departure from Afghanistan to press their own political warfare messages. What can the United States do to mitigate the impact of the Taliban takeover on America's interests in the Indo-Pacific?

  • A NATO helicopter flies over the city of Kabul, Afghanistan, June 29, 2020, photo by Omar Sobhani/Reuters

    Commentary

    Lessons from Afghanistan

    Sep 3, 2021

    The British invaded Afghanistan multiple times from 1839 to 1919. These wars offer wider context for understanding America's intervention in that same nation—and its ultimate failure.

  • Marines guide a woman and her child during an evacuation from Hamid Karzai International Airport, Kabul, Afghanistan, Aug. 18, 2021, photo by Marine Corps Sgt. Isaiah Campbell/U.S. Department of Defense

    Commentary

    Afghanistan Was Lost Long Ago

    Aug 30, 2021

    The United States failed to build a lasting state in Afghanistan. Although the mission was not doomed from the start, early miscalculations and critical mistakes made success unlikely.

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin delivers a speech at Patriot Congress and Exhibition Centre in the Moscow Region, Russia, August 23, 2021, photo by Ramil Sitdikov/Kremlin via Reuters

    Commentary

    After Afghanistan, Could Russia Misjudge America?

    Aug 26, 2021

    Over the years the United States has been humbled abroad more than once but bounced back. Now, as the United States withdraws from Afghanistan, might Russia see the United States as defeated and vulnerable to pressure? This could be an error.

  • Illustration of a brain with pathways and nodes, images by lyas Toker/Getty Images and Volha Ramanchuk/Getty Images/iStock

    Report

    Artificial Intelligence Systems in Intelligence Analysis

    Aug 26, 2021

    The U.S. military and intelligence community have shown interest in using artificial intelligence systems to support intelligence analysis. But deploying AI systems in a national security context requires the ability to measure how well they will perform in the context of their mission.

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  • Special operations forces in Afghanistan, photo by U.S. Army

    In Case You Missed It: Special Operations Forces Culture and Climate

    Apr 26, 2021

    After several years of high operational tempo, what is the future of special operations forces? Linda Robinson discusses ways to ensure the health and culture of the force, right-size the counterterrorism mission, and prioritize diversity.

  • U.S Marines static line jump from a KC-130J Hercules over Drop Zone Basilone on Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, Calif., December 10, 2020, photo by Lance Cpl. Drake Nickels/U.S. Marine Corps

    Sexual Assault Doubles the Odds of Military Separation

    Mar 31, 2021

    Exposure to sexual assault in the U.S. military doubled the odds that a service member would separate from the military within 28 months, and sexual harassment was associated with roughly eight percent of all military separations during this same time period.

  • Closeup of a doctor tearing a prescription off a pad, photo by wdstock/Getty Images

    How to Improve Access and Control Costs in the TRICARE Prescription Drug Benefit

    Feb 26, 2021

    Like other providers of prescription drug coverage, TRICARE uses benefit design, formulary, and other tools to strike a balance between access to prescription drugs for beneficiaries and spending. How might TRICARE further improve access, control costs, or both?

  • National Guardmen on U.S. Capitol security detail in Washington, DC, January 11, 2021, photo by Master Sgt. Matt Hecht/U.S. Air National Guard

    Considering National Security Policy in the 117th Congress

    Feb 17, 2021

    What are the biggest national security and international affairs policy issues facing the 117th Congress? RAND experts offer up insight on a variety of topics, including China, Russia, military personnel, space policy, and more.

  • In the foreground, an early warning aircraft from the Royal Australian Air Force

    How Could the United States Work with Australia and New Zealand to Counter Chinese Influence?

    Jan 28, 2021

    There is growing concern in Australia and New Zealand about China's rising power and influence, and China is now openly criticized as a belligerent nation with assertive policies contrary to Australia's interests.

  • The guided-missile destroyer USS Dewey transits the Pacific Ocean while participating in Rim of the Pacific Exercise (RIMPAC)

    Competing with China in the Indo-Pacific

    Dec 10, 2020

    In long-term strategic competition with China, how effectively the United States works with allies and partners is critical to U.S. success. To enable closer cooperation, the United States needs to understand how those countries respond to this contest.

  • The USS Carney, a missile-guided destroyer, approaches the Bosphorus Strait on its journey to transit out of the Black Sea, photo by Petty Officer 3rd Class Weston Jones/U.S. Navy

    Russia, NATO, and Black Sea Security

    Nov 24, 2020

    The Black Sea region is a central locus of competition between Russia and the West for the future of Europe. Russia has long used political, military, economic, informational, and clandestine tools against countries in the area. How could the West respond?

  • Patricia Marshall, Air Force Installation and Mission Support Center chief of strategy, shares information about the Defense Innovation Dashboard project with Secretary of the Air Force Barbara Barrett, Chief of Staff of the Air Force Gen. Charles Q. Brown, Jr., and Chief Master Sgt. of the Air Force JoAnne S. Bass at the AFWERX Austin hub, Aug. 20, 2020. During the visit, the AFWERX team showcased various initiatives aimed toward modernizing the Air Force including the AFVentures Fellowship, Agility Prime program, AFWERX internships, Spark Colliders and RAPIDx, photo by Staff Sgt. Jordyn Fetter/Air National Guard

    Maintaining a Demographically Diverse Air Force Civilian Workforce

    Oct 29, 2020

    Minority groups, particularly women, tend to enter the Air Force civil service at lower grades than white men. That is one of the findings from a RAND report that documents the results of a study designed to better understand the challenges of Air Force civilian women, racial/ethnic minorities, and individuals with disabilities.

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