Labor, Population and Demographics Issues

This page offers an easy way for policymakers to access labor, population and demographics research and analysis that is relevant to current Congressional agendas. For additional information, to request documents, or to arrange a briefing, contact the RAND Office of Congressional Relations at or (703) 413-1100 x5395.

Recent Findings

  • Blog

    Exploring the Challenges Facing American Workers

    Sep 15, 2017

    A panel of experts at RAND discussed changes in the U.S. economy and findings from a survey which asked more than 3,000 Americans about issues they face in the workplace. Frequent hostility, rising inequality, slow wage growth, and changes in the demand for certain skills are some of the issues affecting workers.

  • Commentary

    The Early Bird Catches the Worm? Probably Not, Says Science on School Start Times

    Sep 12, 2017

    School start times are becoming a hotly debated topic across the United States. Starting middle and high school at 8.30 a.m. would help the health of teenagers and the benefits would likely outweigh the economic cost after a reasonable time.

  • Multimedia

    The State of the American Worker

    Sep 12, 2017

    In this Events @ RAND podcast, a panel of RAND's top analysts discuss emerging trends in the labor market and policy options to address inequality and jobs of the future.

  • Commentary

    If Teenagers Get More Sleep, California Could Gain Billions

    Sep 7, 2017

    Two key effects of better-rested teens are improved academic performance and reduced motor vehicle crashes. Delaying school start times to 8:30 a.m. could result in economic benefits that would be realized within a matter of years — $10 billion in California alone.

  • Report

    Starting School Later Would Boost the Economy

    Aug 30, 2017

    Moving school start times to 8:30 a.m. could contribute $83 billion to the U.S. economy within a decade. These gains would come from higher academic and professional performance, and reduced car crash rates.

  • Journal Article

    Average American's Risk of Needing Nursing Home Care Is Higher Than Previously Estimated

    Aug 28, 2017

    The average American's likelihood of using a nursing home is much greater than previous research has suggested. Among people age 57 to 61, 56 percent will stay in a nursing home at least one night in their lifetime.

  • Q&A

    The Post-Arab Spring Experience: Q&A with Shelly Culbertson

    Aug 23, 2017

    It's too early to say whether the Arab Spring will turn out to be a success or not. The Arab Spring was about people deciding what they did not want and rising up against it, but they hadn't worked out what they did want. Many of them still have hope.

  • Commentary

    What Emerging Research Says About the Promise of Personalized Learning

    Aug 16, 2017

    Personalized learning could lead to improved student outcomes. But those implementing this approach should temper their expectations for how big these benefits will be—and be patient while the benefits emerge. It's also important to consider the challenges of implementation.

  • Commentary

    Why the IPS Success Story Needs to Be Unpicked

    Aug 15, 2017

    The Individual Placement and Support model, which helps people with severe mental illness gain employment, has been a major statistical success. Why does it work and how it might be applied to other vulnerable populations?

  • Commentary

    State Competition, Not Sectarianism, Key Driver of Middle East Politics

    Aug 3, 2017

    Sectarianism is real and dangerous in the Middle East, but the region is more complicated. The next leaders in Iran and Saudi Arabia, under pressure from youthful populations and worsening economic challenges, may no longer see value in a costly sectarian agenda.

  • Commentary

    National Database Could Help Students Pick College—and Income

    Aug 1, 2017

    A bill introduced in May would create a searchable database of students' college majors and earnings after graduation. The data could help U.S. students make informed decisions and could also be used to better allocate resources that benefit students.

  • Commentary

    Moving Beyond Mosul

    Jul 18, 2017

    The Islamic State group has been defeated in Mosul. But this military routing isn't enough to ensure lasting stability, either in Mosul or in Iraq more broadly. What comes next will require careful planning, diplomacy, implementation, and coordination.

  • Commentary

    A Colombian Survivor's Crusade to Strengthen Punishment for Acid Attacks

    Jul 17, 2017

    Acid attacks, one of the most extreme forms of violence against women and girls, can have devastating consequences. Officials could address this problem by making it tough to get dangerous chemicals, punishing perpetrators, and helping survivors.

  • Report

    Personalized Learning: Lessons from Implementation

    Jul 11, 2017

    Personalized learning focuses on meeting students' individual needs while incorporating their interests and preferences. What does this look like in schools that have implemented personalized learning schoolwide?

  • Journal Article

    Black and Hispanic Patients More Likely to Use Lower-Quality Hospices

    Jul 5, 2017

    Black and Hispanic patients are more likely to receive care from poorer-quality hospices. And their family caregivers are less likely to receive the right amount of emotional and religious support in hospice care. However, caregivers of black and Hispanic patients report similar or better experiences than caregivers of white patients within a given hospice.

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