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March 2017

National Security

In the News

Estonian soldiers in a military parade celebrate Estonia's Independence Day near the Russian border in Narva, February 24, 2015

Ints Kalnins/Reuters

Hybrid Warfare in the Baltics: Threats and Potential Responses

Following Russia's hostile actions in Ukraine, Western policymakers, including members of Congress, have contemplated Moscow's use of hybrid warfare and considered how to strengthen vulnerable allies. RAND recently analyzed the hybrid threat to the Baltics by examining potential Russian aggression in the categories of nonviolent subversion, covert violent action, and conventional warfare supported by subversion. It found that, given the growing integration of Russian speakers and high capacity of the Baltic states, Russia will have difficulty using nonviolent or covert action to subvert the Baltics absent the use of conventional force.

Even so, there are a number of ways to bolster the resilience of the Baltics in the face of hybrid threats. The United States and NATO should improve the strategic communications campaign aimed at Russian speakers, take measures to strengthen the Baltic states' security forces, and ensure that any NATO deployment in the region does not unintentionally increase the potential for Russian subversion or miscalculation.

Read more »

Additional research on the Baltics and Russia »

Featured Research


U.S. Army soldiers board a UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter at the Joint Multinational Training Command's Grafenwoehr Training Area in Germany, August 13, 2013

Gertrud Zach/Flickr / CC BY 2.0

Restoring the Power Projection Capabilities of the U.S. Armed Forces

David Ochmanek

Read the testimony

A member of the counterterrorism task force stands guard in Times Square, New York City, December 31, 2016

Stephanie Keith/Reuters

Middle East Turmoil and the Continuing Terrorist Threat—Still No Easy Solutions

Brian Michael Jenkins

Read the testimony

National Security Research Division (FFRDC)

U.S. Army soldiers provide security while coalition soldiers examine the inside of an Afghan army ammunition bunker

Master Sgt. Christopher DeWitt/U.S. Air Force

Improving Implementation of the Department of Defense Leahy Law

Michael McNerney et al.

Read the report

First Army Deputy Commanding General for Support, Maj. Gen. Paul Benenati, greets Bruce McDonald, a civilian aide to the Secretary

U.S. Army

2016 Assessment of the Civilian Acquisition Workforce Personnel Demonstration Project

Jennifer Lamping Lewis et al.

Read the report

Read the executive summary

People fleeing violence in ISIS-controlled al-Bab, Syria arrive in the town's rebel-held outskirts, February 3, 2017

Khalil Ashawi/Reuters

A Peace Plan for Syria III: Agreed Zones of Control, Decentralization, and International Administration

James Dobbins et al.

Read the perspective

Marines signal acknowledgement

U.S. Marine Corps

Developing a Capacity Assessment Framework for Marine Logistics Groups

Joslyn Fleming et al.

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Taiwanese soldiers salute from tanks during a military exercise in Hsinchu, northern Taiwan, July 4, 2015

Patrick Lin/Reuters

Transformation of Taiwan's Reserve Force

Ian Easton et al.

Read the report

A globe and marbles balancing

Dori Walker/RAND Corporation

The Concert of Europe and Great-Power Governance Today

Kyle Lascurettes

Read the perspective

Man meditating at home

PeopleImages/Getty Images

Meditation for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review

Lara Hilton et al.

Read the report

Arroyo Center (FFRDC)

Officers shake hands during a retirement ceremony

Staff Sgt. Justin Shemansk/U.S. Marine Corps

Toward Efficient Military Retirement Accrual Charges

James Hosek et al.

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Project Air Force (FFRDC)

Alaska Air Guardsmen bid farewell to last C-130 Hercules aircraft, March 4, 2017

Staff Sgt. Edward Eagerton/U.S. Air National Guard

Air Force Strategic Planning: Past, Present, and Future

Raphael S. Cohen

Read the report

The U.S. Air Force's Maui Optical and Supercomputing Site at the summit of Haleakala on the Hawaiian island of Maui

MarcPo/Getty Images

Assessing the Need for Supercomputing Resources Within the Pacific Area of Responsibility

William Welser IV et al.

Read the report


Our NATO Partners Should Engage Trump in Brussels

Jaap de Hoop Scheffer and Hans Binnendijk, Newsweek

Dealing with a Revanchist Russia

Brian Michael Jenkins, The National Interest

Stabilizing Mosul After the Battle Against ISIS

Shelly Culbertson and Linda Robinson, Newsweek

U.S. Counterterrorism Strategy Must Be About More Than ISIS

Colin P. Clarke and Chad C. Serena, Defense One

China's Opportunity—and Ours

Michael J. Mazarr, U.S. News & World Report

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RAND Congressional Resources Staff

Jayme Fuglesten
Director, Office of Congressional Relations

Kurt Card
National Security Legislative Analyst

RAND Office of Congressional Relations
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