Children's Self-Efficacy for Peer Interaction Scale

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure The Children’s Self-Efficacy for Peer Interaction Scale measures youths’ perceptions of their ability to successfully interact with their peers.
Main constructs measured Interpersonal competencies
Applicable grade levels

Ages 7-10

Publication year for the most recent version 1982
Year originally developed 1982
Related measures
Measure Administration
Respondent Student
Method of administration Paper/Pencil
Number of items 22
Item format

4-point Likert-type items

Administration time 10-15 minutes
Available languages English
Fee for use Free and publicly available
Credentials required for administration None
Overall score reporting A total Self-Efficacy score is reported.
Subscore reporting There are two subscales: Conflict and Non-Conflict.
Scoring procedures The measure is self-scored based on description in Wheeler and Ladd (1982).
Interpretive information No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected 3rd, 4th and 5th graders from New York and Indiana (Wheeler & Ladd, 1982)
Reliability evidence The internal consistency reliability estimates were reported for the conflict subscale (Alpha=0.85), the Non-Conflict subscale (0.73) and the overall Self-Efficacy score (0.85). Test-retest reliabilities for a two-week interval were reported for the Conflict subscale (0.84), the Non-Conflict subscale (0.80) and the overall Self-Efficacy score (0.86). (Wheeler & Ladd, 1982).
Validity evidence
Evidence based on content.
Items were developed based on Blumenfield and Kinghorn's (1978) observational categories of elementary students' persuasive behaviors.
Evidence based on response processes
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Exploratory factor analysis substantiates two distinct domains: conflict and non-conflict. These subscores correlated 0.46.
Evidence based on relations with other variables
Total score and subscores showed positive correlations with other measures, including a Teacher Rating of Social Efficacy, a Peer Rating of Social Influence, and the Play Nominations Sociometric measure. (Wheeler & Ladd, 1982).
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Wheeler, V. A., & Ladd, G. W. , "Assessment of children’s self-efficacy for social interactions with peers," Developmental Psychology, Vol. 18, No. 6, 1982, pp. 795.

Blumenfeld, P. C., & Kinghorn, S. N. , "Situational influences on children's persuasive behaviors," In annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, 1978.

Asher, S. R., & Hymel, S. , "Children's social competence in peer relations: Sociometric and behavioral assessment," Social competence, 1981, pp. 125–157.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.