Student Perceptions of Control Questionnaire (SPOCQ)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The SPOCQ measures student perceptions of the strategies that promote success in school and their capacities to enact those strategies.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Publication year for the most recent version

1990

Year originally developed

1983

Related measures
Measure Administration
Respondent

Student

Method of administration

Paper/Pencil

Number of items

60

Item format

Likert-type scale

Administration time

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Available languages

English

Fee for use Free and publicly available
Credentials required for administration

None

Scoring
Overall score reporting

The overall control beliefs score is reported.

Subscore reporting

There are nine subscores.

Five are strategy belief subscales:

  • Effort
  • Ability
  • Powerful others
  • Luck
  • Unknown

Four capacity belief subscales:

  • Effort
  • Ability
  • Powerful others
  • Luck
Scoring procedures

The measure is self-scored.

Interpretive information

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Reliability evidence

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on response processes
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on relations with other variables
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure onlinelibrary.wiley.com
References

Wellborn, J. G., Connell, J. P., & Skinner, E. A. "The Student Perceptions of Control Questionnaire (SPOCQ)," Rochester, NY: University of Rochester, 1989.

"Monographs of the Society for Research," Child Development, 63, 1998, pp. 2–3.

Notes

Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.