Child Rating Scale (CRS)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure The CRS is used as a screening measure to rate a child's socio-emotional behaviors.
Main constructs measured Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies
Applicable grade levels Grades K-5
Publication year for the most recent version No information available in the references reviewed.
Year originally developed 1987
Related measures
Measure Administration
Respondent Student
Method of administration Paper/Pencil
Number of items 24
Item format Three-point rating scale
Administration time No information available in the references reviewed.
Available languages English
Fee for use Fee charged by developer
Credentials required for administration None
Overall score reporting No overall scores are reported.
Subscore reporting Four subscale scores: rule compliance/acting out
Scoring procedures CRS is self-scored based on scoring guide provided by the assessment developers.
Interpretive information Standardized on a nationally representative sample.
Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected Over 2,000 1st-6th grade children in five samples from urban and suburban schools in the Rochester, NY area.
Reliability evidence Cronbach's alpha was calculated for each grade level in each sample. Alpha estimates ranted from 0.36 to 0.83 (Hightower et al, 1987). 4 and 10 week test-retest reliabilities were also estimated for several samples, and range from 0.21 to 0.86.
Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
Pilot items were adapted from existing teachera nd peer rating scales that measured parallel constructs (Hightower et al, 1987).
Evidence based on response processes
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Exploratory Factor analysis was used to find support for four distinct scales.
Evidence based on relations with other variables
CRS scale scores correlated with teacher and parent ratings in the expected directions.CRS scores correlated significantly with STAIC (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children) scores (Spielberger, 1973). CRS scores were predictive of academic performance, showing htat children with less anxiety and who acted out less tended to perform better academically.
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Hightower, A. D., Cowen, E. L., Spinell, A. P., Lotyczewski, B. S., Guare, J. C., Rohrbeck, C. A., & Brown, L. P. , "The Child Rating Scale: The development of a socioemotional self-rating scale for elementary school children," School Psychology Review, Vol. 16, No. 2, 1987, pp. 239–255.

Spielberger, C. D. , "State-trait anxiety inventory for children," Consulting Psychologists Press.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.