Attitudes and Behaviors Survey (A&B)
|General Information on the Measure|
|Purpose of the measure||
The Attitudes and Behaviors survey provides youth-serving organizations with information about their students’ strengths and the competencies (developmental assets) they will need to be successful in school and beyond. Survey results can be used to develop and plan school or community-based supports for young people.
|Main constructs measured||
Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies
|Applicable grade levels||Grades 6-12|
|Publication year for the most recent version||
|Year originally developed||
|Method of administration||Digital|
|Number of items||
|Item format||Five-point Likert-type scale|
|Administration time||30 minutes|
|Fee for use||Fee charged by developer|
|Credentials required for administration||
|Overall score reporting||
Overall levels of developmental assets are reported in the aggregate.
There are 40 assets including a wide range of external assets and internal assets, 24 risk behaviors (including Drug Free Communities measures), ten high risk behavior patterns, five developmental deficits, and eight thriving indicators.
The measure is scored online.
Score reports include breakdowns by grade and other demographic categories, as well as reflective questions meant to guide discussion and score use.
|Evidence of Technical Quality|
|Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected||
Data was collected from youth in grades 6 through 12 in 213 U.S. cities and towns (N=99,462) (Leffert et al, 1998).
Internal consistency (alpha) estimates were calculated for all scales with three or more items. Internal consistency (Spearman-Brown) was estimated for all two-item scales. Estimates ranged from 0.40 to 0.82 (Leffert et al, 1998).
|Locating the Measure|
|Obtaining a copy of the measure||search-institute.org|
Leffert, N., Benson, P. L., Scales, P. C., Sharma, A. R., Drake, D. R., & Blyth, D. A. "Developmental assets: Measurement and prediction of risk behaviors among adolescents," Applied Developmental Science, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1998, pp. 209–230.
Benson, P. L., Leffert, N., Scales, P. C., & Blyth, D. A. "Beyond the “village” rhetoric: Creating healthy communities for children and adolescents," Applied Developmental Science, Vol. 2, 1998, pp. 138–159.
Scales, P. C., & Leffert, N. , "Developmental assets: A synthesis of the scientific research on adolescent development," Search Institute, 1999.
Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.