Academic Motivation Scale (Elementary) (AMS)
|General Information on the Measure|
|Purpose of the measure||The Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) measures extrinsic and intrinsic motivation toward education.|
|Main constructs measured||Intrapersonal competencies|
|Applicable grade levels||Elementary|
|Publication year for the most recent version||1992|
|Year originally developed||1989|
|Method of administration||Paper/Pencil|
|Number of items||12|
Five-point Likert-type items
|Available languages||English, French|
|Fee for use||Access may be limited or unavailable|
|Credentials required for administration||None|
|Overall score reporting||No overall scores are reported.|
|Subscore reporting||Four subscores are reported: Intrinsic motivation; Extrinsic motivation-identified regulation; Extrinsic motivation-Introjected regulation; amotivation (failure to connect consequences with actions).|
|Scoring procedures||The measure is self-scored based on a scoring guide provided by the assessment developers.|
|Interpretive information||No information is available in the references reviewed.|
|Evidence of Technical Quality|
|Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected||Validity and reliability evidence collected from studies conducted with college students. (Vallerland et al., 1992, 1993)|
|Reliability evidence||Internal consistency was reported for all 7 subscales (average Cronbach's alpha = 0.81, min=0.62, max=0.91). Test-retest reliability was estimated for a one month period for the subscales (mean test-retest correlation = 0.79, min=0.71, max=0.83).|
|Locating the Measure|
|Obtaining a copy of the measure||
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Vallerland, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., Blais, M. R., Briere, N. M., Senecal, C., and Vallieres, E. F. "The Academic Motivation Scale: A measure of intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation in education." Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 52, 1992, pp. 1003–1017.
Vallerand, R.J., Pelletier, L.G., Blais, M.R., Brière, N.M., Senécal, C. B., & Vallières, E.F. "On the assessment of intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation in education: Evidence on the concurrent and construct validity of the Academic Motivation Scale." Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 53, 1993, pp. 159–172.
Dember, W. N., & Brooks, I. , "A new instrument for measuring optimism and pessimism: Test-retest reliability and relations with happiness and religious commitment." Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, Vol. 27, 1989, pp. 365–366.
Gottfried, A. E. , "Academic intrinsic motivation in elementary and junior high school students." Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 77, 1985, pp. 631–645.
Jones, A., & Crandall, R. , "Validation of a short index of self-actualization." Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 12, 1986, pp. 63–73.
Nicholls, J. G., Patashnick, M., & Nolen, S. , "Adolescents’ theories of education," Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 77, 1985, pp. 683–692.
Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.