Academic Motivation Scale (High School) (AMS)
|General Information on the Measure|
|Purpose of the measure||The Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) measures extrinsic and intrinsic motivation toward education.|
|Main constructs measured||Intra-personal competencies|
|Applicable grade levels||High school|
|Publication year for the most recent version||1992 (Most recent version)|
|Year originally developed||1989|
|Method of administration||Paper/Pencil|
|Number of items||28|
Seven-point Likert-type items
|Available languages||English, French|
|Fee for use||Access may be limited or unavailable|
|Credentials required for administration||None|
|Overall score reporting||No overall scores are reported.|
Seven subscores are reported:
|Scoring procedures||The measure is self-scored based on scoring guide provided by the assessment developers.|
|Interpretive information||No information available.|
|Evidence of Technical Quality|
|Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected||Validity and reliability evidence collected from studies conducted with college students (Vallerland et al., 1992, 1993).|
Internal consistency was reported for all seven subscales (average Cronbach's alpha = 0.81, min=0.62, max=0.91).
Test-retest reliability was estimated for a one-month period for the subscales (mean test-retest correlation = 0.79, min=0.71, max=0.83).
|Locating the Measure|
|Obtaining a copy of the measure||lrcs.uqam.ca|
Vallerland, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., Blais, M. R., Brière, N. M., Senécal, C., and Vallières, E. F. , "The Academic Motivation Scale: A measure of intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation in education," Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 52, 1992, pp. 1003–10017.
Vallerland, R. J., Pelletier, L. G., Blais, M. R., Brière, N. M., Senécal, C., and Vallières, E. F. , "On the assessment of intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation in education: Evidence on the concurrent and construct validity of the Academic Motivation Scale," Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 53, 1992, pp. 159–172.
Dember, W. N., & Brooks, I. , "A new instrument for measuring optimism and pessimism: Test-retest reliability and relations with happiness and religious commitment," Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, Vol. 27, pp. 365–366.
Gottfried, A. E. "Academic intrinsic motivation in elementary and junior high school students," Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 77, 1985, pp. 631–645.
Jones, A., & Crandall, R. "Validation of a short index of self-actualization," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 12, 1986, pp. 63–73.
Nicholls, J. G., Patashnick, M., & Nolen, S. , "Adolescents' theories of education," Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 77, 1985, pp. 683–692.
Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.