School Achievement Motivation Rating Scale (SAMRS)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The SAMRS was developed as a tool that could be used by teachers to assess behavioral characteristics that are associated with academic achievement motivation.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Grades K-12

Publication year for the most recent version


Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items


Item format

Five-point Likert-type scale

Administration time

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Available languages


Fee for use Access may be limited or unavailable
Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

The overall score is reported.

Subscore reporting

No subscores are reported.

Scoring procedures

The measure is self-scored.

Interpretive information

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence was collected from elementary (N=2,063) and secondary (N=1,072) students from central and north-central Indiana (Chiu, 1997).

Reliability evidence

Internal consistency (alpha) estimates ranged from 0.53 to 0.83 (Chiu, 1997).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
A panel of teachers reviewed the initial pool of items and revised based on theories of which behavior characteristics would be associated with achievement motivation (Chiu, 1997).
Evidence based on response processes
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Females in general received higher ratings than their male counterparts (Chiu, 1997).
Evidence based on relations with other variables
SAMRS scores correlated with measures of locus of control, anxiety, self-esteem, as well as course grades, GPA, and standardized test scores. Correlations were significant and in the anticipated direction (Chiu, 1997).
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Chiu, L. H. "Development and validation of the school achievement motivation rating scale," Educational and Psychological Measurement, 57, 2, 1997, pp. 292–305.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.