Berkeley Puppet Interview (BPI)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The Berkeley Puppet Interview (BPI) uses puppets to conduct structured and clinical interviews that assess children's perceptions of themselves, their families, and their school environments.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Ages 4-8

Publication year for the most recent version

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items


Item format

Free response items are coded by interview administrators.

Administration time

Two hours

Available languages

English, Spanish

Fee for use Access may be limited or unavailable
Credentials required for administration

Administrators must complete training in the method and receive certification from the developer.

Overall score reporting

No overall scores are reported.

Subscore reporting

There are six subscores:

  • Academic competence
  • Achievement motivation
  • Social competence
  • Peer acceptance
  • Depression-anxiety
  • Aggression-hostility
Scoring procedures

The measure is self-scored after participant completes rater training.

Interpretive information

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence is based on children from two-parent households (N=97) in the San Francisco Bay area.

Reliability evidence

Internal consistency (alpha) reported separately by grade level for all subscales estimated between 0.62 and 0.78. Test-retest reliability, estimated over one- and two-year intervals, ranged from 0.24 to 0.58. Inter-rater agreement is also estimated separately by grade level for two raters and ranged between 0.95 and 0.98 (Measelle et al., 1998).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on response processes
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Exploratory Factor analysis substantiates six distinct constructs (Measelle et al., 1998).
Evidence based on relations with other variables
Ratings based on BPI correlated in expected directions with ratings by other informants on the same constructs (parent and teacher ratings). Additionally, BPI scores for achievement motivation correlated positively with standardized test scores in math and reading (Measelle et al., 1998).
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Measelle, Ablow, Cowan, and Cowan, "Assessing young children's views of their academic, social, and emotional lives: An evaluation of the self-perception scales of the Berkeley Puppet Interview," Child Development, Vol. 69, No. 6, 1998, pp. 1556–1576.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.