Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version (Short) (Bar-OnEQ-i:YV(S))

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version (Bar-On EQ-i: YV) measures emotional intelligence, including the ability to understand feelings, empathize with others, and adapt to new and changing environments and contexts. This is the short form of this assessment.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Ages 7-18

Publication year for the most recent version


Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration

Paper/Pencil, Digital

Number of items


Item format

Four-point Likert-type scale

Administration time

10 minutes

Available languages

English, Spanish

Fee for use Fee charged by developer
Credentials required for administration

Qualification Level B

Overall score reporting

The overall score is reported.

Subscore reporting

Several subscores are reported, including

  • Adaptability
  • Interpersonal
  • Intrapersonal
  • Stress management

A positive impression index is also reported, which shows the extent to which an individual respondent is answering items to create a positive self-impression.

Scoring procedures

A scoring manual and software are provided by the assessment developers.

Interpretive information

Score reports present raw scores, standard scores (which are computed based on normative samples), and guidelines for interpreting score meanings.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence was collected from a sample of nearly 10,000 children and adolescents. (Note: Reliability and validity evidence are not reported separately for the short form.)

Reliability evidence

Internal consistency reliability estimates (coefficient alpha) of the overall EQ-i: YV and the subscale scores ranged from 0.65 to 0.87 on the short form (Bar-On & Parker, 2000). Reliability evidence is not reported separately for the short form.

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on response processes
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Factor analysis of items designed for the intrapersonal, interpersonal, stress management, and adaptability scales showed that these items loaded moderately on the factor they were designed to measure and had low loadings on other factors (Bar-On & Parker, 2000). Validity evidence is not reported separately for the short form.
Evidence based on relations with other variables
Scale scores on all scales of the long and short form of the EQ-i: YV were significantly correlated with each other (Bar-On & Parker, 2000). Scale scores for the same scale on the long and short form of the EQ-i: YV had correlations ranging from 0.92 to 1.0.
Scale scores on the EQ-i: YV had moderate to high (0.56 to 0.88) correlations with scale scores on the adult version of the EQ-i. Significant correlation was found between the Intrapersonal scale and the Extraversion and Agreeableness scales on the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (Costa & McCrae, 1992). The Interpersonal scale had moderate correlations with the Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Conscientiousness scales.
In addition, Shuler (2004) reported that the Adaptability and total EQ scores had significant positive correlation (0.32 and 0.27, respectively) with cognitive intelligence, measured by the Full Scale IQ score on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III (Wechsler, 1997). Scale scores of the EQ-i:YV showed the ability to predict significant emotional disturbance measured by the Behavior Assessment System for Children-Self Report of Personality (BASC-SRP; Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2004; Shuler, 2004). Validity evidence is not reported separately for the short form.
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Bar-On, R. & Parker, J. , The emotional quotient inventory: Youth Version: Technical Manual, Toronto, ON: Multi-Health Systems, 2000.

Shuler, C. N. "An analysis of the Emotional Quotient Inventory: Youth Version as a measure of emotional intelligence in children and adolescents," Electronic thesis, Treatises and Dissertations Paper 325, 2004.

Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. , Revised personality inventory (NEO PI-R) and NEO five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI): Professional manual, Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, 1992.

Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. , Behavior Assessment System for Children, 2nd ed., Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service, 2004.

Wechsler, D. Manual for the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III), Third Edition, San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation, 1997.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.