Home and Community Social Behavior Scale (HCSBS)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The Home and Community Social Behavior Scale (HCSBS) is a screening instrument that can be used to evaluate students' social and emotional behaviors and to identify children with challenges.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Grades K-12

Publication year for the most recent version


Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items


Item format

Five-point Likert-type scale

Administration time

10 minutes

Available languages

English, Spanish

Fee for use Fee charged by developer
Credentials required for administration

The HCSBS should be scored and interpreted by a psychologist, social worker, counselor, or SLP.

Overall score reporting

Two overall scores are reported: One for social competence and one for antisocial behavior.

Subscore reporting

There are four subscores:

  • Peer relations
  • Self-management/Compliance
  • Hostile/Irritable
  • Anti-social/Aggressive
Scoring procedures

The HCSBS is self-scored.

Interpretive information

The HCSBS is standardized and norm-referenced. The norming sample included children from diverse backgrounds and with a wide range of disabilities.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence is based on three separate samples of children ages 6-18 from across the United States (Merrell et al., 2001)

Reliability evidence

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on response processes
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on relations with other variables
HCSBS scores showed significant correlations in the expected directions with scores from the Social Skills Ratings System, Conners Parent Rating Scale, Child Behavior Checklist, and the BASC.
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure brookespublishing.com

Merrell, K. W., Streeter, A. L., Boelter, E. W., Caldarella, P., & Gentry, A. "Validity of the home and community social behavior scales: Comparisons with five behavior‐rating scales," Psychology in the Schools, Vol. 38, No. 4, 2001, pp. 313–325.

Merrell, K. W., & Caldarella, P. "Home & community social behavior scales user's guide," Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company, 2002.

Gresham, F. M., & Elliott, S. N. , "Social skills rating system (SSRS)," American Guidance Service, 1990.

Achenbach, T. M., & Edelbrock, C. , "Child behavior checklist," Vol. 7.

Merrell, K. W. , "School social behavior scales user's guide," 2008.

Conners, C K. , "Manual for the Conners rating scales," Multi-Health Systems, Inc. , 1990.

Reynolds, C. R., & Kamphaus, R. W. , "The clinician's guide to the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC)," Guilford Press, 2002.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.