School Connection Scale

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The School Connection Scale was designed to assess feelings of school connectedness in youth.

Main constructs measured

Interpersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels


Publication year for the most recent version


Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items


Item format

Four-point Likert-type items

Administration time

There is no information available in the references reviewed.

Available languages


Fee for use Access may be limited or unavailable
Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

A total score is reported.

Subscore reporting

There are three subscores:

  • Belief
  • Belonging
  • Commitment
Scoring procedures

The measure is self-scored.

Interpretive information

There is no information available in the references reviewed.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence is based on adolescents in two large school districts in the East Bay region of California (N=1,739).

Reliability evidence

The internal consistency coefficient (alpha) for the total score was 0.86. The subscore alpha estimates ranged from 0.51 to 0.85 (Brown et al., 2000).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on response processes
Items were developed, piloted, and revised based on input from student focus groups (Brown et al., 2000).
Evidence based on internal structure
Factor analysis was used to find evidence supporting three subscales on the survey (Brown et al., 2000).
Evidence based on relations with other variables
Correlations among School Connection Scale scores and measures of substance use, school participation, and school grades were significant and in the hypothesized direction (Brown et al., 2000).
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Brown, R. A., Leigh, G. K., & Barton, K. "The School Connection Scale: A factor analysis," Psychological Reports, 87, 2000, pp. 851–858.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.