Emotion Expression Scale for Children (EESC)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The Emotion Expression Scale for Children (EESC) measures emotional awareness and the expression of negative emotions.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Elementary school students

Publication year for the most recent version


Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items


Item format

Five-point Likert-type scale

Administration time

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Available languages


Fee for use Access may be limited or unavailable
Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

No overall scores are reported.

Subscore reporting

There are two subscores:

  • Poor awareness
  • Expressive reluctance
Scoring procedures

The measure is self-scored.

Interpretive information

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence was collected from children recruited from fourth- and fifth-grade classrooms in a small urban area (N=208).

Reliability evidence

Internal consistency (alpha) ranged from 0.81 to 0.83 for the two subscales. Test-retest reliabilities over a two-week interval ranged from 0.56 to 0.59 for the two subscales.

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
Items were adapted from the Toronto Alexithymia Scale for adults (Bagby, Taylor & Ryan, 1986).
Evidence based on response processes
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Principal component analysis was used to substantiate two-factor structure (Penza-Clyve & Zeman, 2002).
Evidence based on relations with other variables
Two subscale scores showed relationships in the anticipated direction with external measures of similar constructs—specifically, EESC emotion awareness was positively related to inhibition and dysregulated expression of sadness and anger and negatively related to constructive coping (Penza-Clyve & Zeman, 2002).
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure tandfonline.com

Penza-Clyve, S. and Zeman, J. "Initial validation of the emotion expression scale for children (EESC)," Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2002, pp. 540–547.

Bagby, R. M., Taylor, G. J., & Ryan, D. "Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Relationship with personality and psychopathology measures," Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Vol. 45, 1986, pp. 207–215.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.