California Measure of Mental Motivation (CM3)
|General Information on the Measure|
|Purpose of the measure||
The California Measure of Mental Motivation (CM3) measures cognitive engagement and motivation toward problem solving and learning.
|Main constructs measured||
|Applicable grade levels||
|Publication year for the most recent version||
No information is available in the references reviewed.
|Year originally developed||
|Method of administration||
|Number of items||
Approximately 25 items
Approximately 20 minutes
English, Chinese (traditional), Spanish, Arabic, Greek
|Fee for use||Fee charged by developer|
|Credentials required for administration||
|Overall score reporting||
An overall thinking ability score is reported.
Levels IA and IB contain four subscale scores:
Level II+ contains all of the Level IA/B subscales plus one additional subscale:
Level III contains one additional subscale:
A scoring manual and software are provided by the assessment developers.
Norm-referenced percentile rankings are available in the score reports, as are interpretations of the strength of the overall score and subscale scores. The test manual (available for purchase) includes additional information about score interpretation.
|Evidence of Technical Quality|
|Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected||
Four different samples were used at different stages of the instrument development process: a nationwide (U.S.) convenience sample of 1,378 students in grades 6-12; approximately 500 high schoolers from northern California; 587 private school students (all female) from Missouri; 1,008 high schoolers from a single school district in northern California (Giancarlo, Blohm, & Urdan, 2004).
Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the four subscales of the 25-item version CM3 ranged from 0.53 to 0.83 (Giancarlo, Blohm, & Urdan, 2004).
|Locating the Measure|
|Obtaining a copy of the measure||insightassessment.com|
Giancarlo, C. A., Blohm, S. W., & Urdan, T. , "Assessing secondary students’ disposition toward critical thinking: Development of the California Measure of Mental Motivation," Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 64, No. 2, 2004, pp. 347–364.
Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.