School Engagement Scale (SES)
|General Information on the Measure|
|Purpose of the measure||
The School Engagement Scale (SES) measures behavioral, emotional, and cognitive aspects of school engagement and was designed to be used with elementary school students.
|Main constructs measured||
Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies
|Applicable grade levels||
|Publication year for the most recent version||
|Year originally developed||
|Method of administration||
|Number of items||
Five-point Likert-type scale
Approximately 30 minutes
|Fee for use||Free and publicly available|
|Credentials required for administration||
|Overall score reporting||
No overall scores are reported.
There are three subscores:
The measure is self-scored.
No information is available in the references reviewed.
|Evidence of Technical Quality|
|Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected||
Evidence was collected from elementary school students from Chicago, Milwaukee and Detroit, and sampled in two waves. Wave 1 (N=661) consisted of children in 55 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade classrooms. Wave 2 consisted of students in Chicago and Milwaukee (N=294).
Internal consistency (alpha) estimates ranged from 0.72 to 0.86. Reliabilities were similar for male and female students (Fredericks et al., 2005).
|Locating the Measure|
|Obtaining a copy of the measure||performwell.org|
Fredericks, J.A., Blumenfeld, P., Friedel, J., & Paris, A. "School engagement," What do children need to flourish?: Conceptualizing and measuring indicators of positive development, New York, NY: Springer Science and Business Media, 2005.
"Manual for the Rochester Assessment Package for schools,", Wellborn, J. G., & Connell, J. P., Rochester, NY: University of Rochester, 1987.
Pintrich, P. R., Smith, D. A., F., Garcia, T., & McKeachie, W. J. "Reliability and predictive validity of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ)," Educational and Psychological Measurement, 53, 1993, pp. 801–813.
Finn, J. D., Pannozzo, G .M., & Voelkl, K. E. "Disruptive and inattentive-withdrawn behavior and achievement among fourth graders," Elementary School Journal, 95, 1995, pp. 421–454.
Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.