Clifton Youth Strengths Explorer (CYSE)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The Clifton Youth Strengths Explorer (CYSE) is a strengths-based measure of individual emotional, cognitive, and social skills and talents.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies, Interpersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Ages 10-14

Publication year for the most recent version

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Year originally developed 2007
Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items


Item format

4-point Likert-type items

Administration time

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Available languages


Fee for use Free and publicly available

Basic option is free. More detailed scoring reports available for purchase.

Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

Talents and strengths are measured in themes (see below). Themes are rank ordered, and respondents receive a "Top 3" report of their highest-ranking talent themes. More detailed information is available for purchase from the test developer.

Subscore reporting

There is no information available on the references reviewed.

Scoring procedures

A scoring manual and software are provided by the assessment developers.

Interpretive information

Action items (steps that can be taken to build and develop strengths) are available if more detailed score reports are purchased.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Two different samples were used at different stages of the instrument development process: a sample of 47 youths (item development); a national (U.S.) sample of 535 youths from diverse school districts (reliability and validity evidence) (Lopez et al., 2007).

Reliability evidence

The internal consistency reliability of CYSE was reported to range from 0.72 to 0.87 (Lopez et al., 2007).

The test-retest reliability with an interval of five to seven weeks ranged from 0.44 to 0.88 (Lopez et al., 2007).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
Items were developed based on expert review, focus groups, and relevant theory (Lopez et al., 2007).
Evidence based on response processes
Pilot study with a small sample of youth was used to compare and evaluate three- and four-point response scales (Lopez et al., 2007).
Evidence based on internal structure
Factor analysis was conducted to find evidence supporting the theoretical structure of the CYSE and supporting the grouping of items into 10 talent themes. (Lopez et al., 2007).
Evidence based on relations with other variables
No information available in the references reviewed.
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure strengths-explorer

Lopez, S. J., Harter, J. K., Juszkiewicz, P. J., & Carr, J. A. , "Clifton Youth Strengths Explorer™ technical report: Development and initial validation," Gallup Organization, 2007.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.