College and Work Readiness Assessment Plus (CWRA+)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The College and Work Readiness Assessment Plus (CWRA+) measures critical thinking and written communication skills.

Main constructs measured

Cognitive competencies

Applicable grade levels Grades 6-12
Publication year for the most recent version

2013 for grades 9-12
2014 for grades 6-8

Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration
Respondent Student
Method of administration Digital
Number of items

One performance assessment task and four selected-response questions

Item format

Selected-response items use five-point Likert scale.

Administration time

90 minutes (60 minutes for performance assessment task; 30 minutes for selected-response items)

Available languages


Fee for use Fee charged by developer
Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

The total score, mastery level, and percentile rank relative to students in the same class and the same school are reported.

Subscore reporting

Subscale scores are reported for subtests (performance task and selected-response questions) in six skill areas:

  • Performance task
    • Analysis and problem solving
    • Writing effectiveness
    • Writing mechanics
  • Selected-response questions
    • Scientific and quantitative reasoning
    • Critical reading and evaluation
    • Critique an argument
Scoring procedures

Scores are provided by the Council for Aid to Education.

Interpretive information

Mastery levels are reported, as well as percentile ranks. Score reports detail the characteristics of students at each mastery level (Below Basic, Basic, Proficient, Accomplished, and Advanced). See the sample score for more information.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence is based on high school students in the United States.

Reliability evidence

The reliability of the overall assessment (estimated using stratified alpha) was 0.84 (CAE, 2015).

Internal consistency coefficients (Cronbach’s alpha) ranged from 0.51 to 0.58 for the three subscales of the selected-response question section. The internal consistency reliability for the total scores on the selected-response question section was 0.76 (CAE, 2015).

The inter-rater reliability for the performance assessment task was 0.78 based on Pearson correlations of rater scores (CAE, 2015).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
A standard-setting study used expert judgment to make determinations about the appropriateness of item and performance task content.
Evidence based on response processes
No information available in the references reviewed
Evidence based on internal structure
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on relations with other variables
CWRA+ has shown to be predictive of International Baccalaureate year test scores.
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.