Child Social Achievement Goals Measure

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The Social Achievement Goals survey is a self-report measure of social skills and competencies.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Elementary school

Publication year for the most recent version


Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items


Item format

Five-point Likert-type scale

Administration time

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Available languages


Fee for use Free and publicly available
Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

No overall scores are reported.

Subscore reporting

There are three subscores:

  • Development
  • Demonstration-approach
  • Demonstration-avoidance
Scoring procedures

The measure is self-scored.

Interpretive information

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Children and their second-grade teachers (N=373).

Reliability evidence

Internal consistency (alpha) estimates ranged from 0.81 to 0.83. Test-retest reliability (one-year interval) estimates ranged from 0.23 to 0.47 (Rudolph et al., 2011).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
Items adapted from other instruments, including a measure for college students (Ryan & Shim, 2006; Ryan & Rudolph, 2005).
Evidence based on response processes
No information is available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Exploratory factor analysis supported three distinct subscales (Rudolph et al., 2011).
Evidence based on relations with other variables
Scores were related to other measures of social goals, to measures of social adjustment, and to measures of responses to peer aggression (Rudolph et al., 2011).
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Rudolph, K. D., Abaied, J. L., Flynn, M., Sugimura, N., & Agoston, A. M. "Developing relationships, being cool, and not looking like a loser: Social goal orientation predicts children's responses to peer aggression," Child Development, Vol. 82, No. 5, 2011, pp. 1518–1530.

Ryan, A. M., & Rudolph, K. D. , "Assessment of social achievement goals in youth," Unpublished manuscript, 2005.

Ryan, A. M., & Shim, S. S. "Social achievement goals: The nature and consequences of different orientations toward social competence," Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 32, 2006, pp. 1246–1263.


Measure summary updated October 3, 2018.