SELweb (Early Elementary)

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

SELweb is an online, performance-based assessment system designed to measure social thinking skills and peer relationships.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels


Publication year for the most recent version


Year originally developed


Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration


Number of items

Section 1: 20 items; Section 2: 8 items; Section 3: 4 vignettes with 3 items each.

Item format

Performance assessment

Administration time

30 minutes

Available languages

English, Spanish

Fee for use Fee charged by developer
Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

An overall social-emotional comprehension score is reported.

Subscore reporting

There are four subscores reported in the standard administration:

  • Emotion Recognition
  • Social Perspective-Taking
  • Social Problem-Solving
  • Self Control

An optional peer acceptance module can also be administered, and a social acceptance score will be reported.

Scoring procedures

Scores are calculated automatically.

Interpretive information

District-wide grade level norms and age-based norms are available. Student scores are classified into four performance levels.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Study 1: Sample included students in grades K-3, enrolled in four school districts located near a large city in the Midwestern United States.

Study 2: Sample included students in grades K-3, enrolled in urban and suburban school districts in two states.

Reliability evidence

Internal consistency reliability coefficients were estimated for all subscales, and the overall scores were estimated separately for study 1 and study 2. Overall social-emotional comprehension scores had reliability estimates of 0.93 in study 1 and 0.94 in study 2. Other subscales had reliability estimates ranging from 0.78 to 0.88.

Test-retest reliabilities were also estimated for all scores, with an interval of six months. Overall scores had test-retest reliabilities of 0.71 in study 1 and 0.75 in study 2. Other subscales had test-retest reliability estimates ranging from 0.57 to 0.70) (McKown et al., 2016).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on response processes
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to support a four-factor structure, with factors corresponding to the four hypothesized subscales. Separate CFAs were conducted in each study, and evidence was consistent across studies (McKown et al., 2016).
Evidence based on relations with other variables
There is evidence, based on a series of regressions, that the overall social-emotional comprehension score is related to a variety of criterion measures, and the direction of these relationships is consistent with theory. Social-emotional comprehension scores are positively related to measures of social-emotional behavior, academic competence and social acceptance. This includes positive and statistically significant relationships with the social skills and academic competence domains of the SSIS (Gresham & Elliott, 2008), the DESSA-Mini (Naglieri, LeBuffe, & Shapiro, 2011), and the AIMSweb reading and math assessments (Pearson Education, 2012). Evidence for convergent and discriminant validity was collected by estimating the relationships between the four subscores of the SELweb and four subscores of the same domains constructed from alternative indicators. A series of structural equation models were estimated to collect evidence supporting the fact that there were significant and positive relationships between the same domains (regardless of the indicators) and null relationships between different domains.
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

McKown, C., Russo-Ponsaran, N. M., Johnson, J. K., Russo, J., & Allen, A. , "Web-based assessment of children’s social-emotional comprehension," Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 34, 4, Pearson Education. Aimsweb technical manual. 2012, pp. 322–338.

Gresham, F. M., & Elliott, S. N. "Social skills improvement system: Rating scales," Pearson Assessments, 2008.

Naglieri, J. A., LeBuffe, P. A., & Shapiro, V. B. , "Devereux student strengths assessment–Mini (DESSA-mini)," Kaplan, 2011.


This measure is also reviewed in the AWG Guide.

Measure summary updated April 17, 2019.