California Healthy Kids Survey - Social Emotional Health Module

General Information on the Measure
Purpose of the measure

The California Healthy Kids Survey (CHKS) measures school climate, healthy behaviors, and youth resiliency. It is used by school districts to address the needs of youth. The Social Emotional Health Module (SEHM) is an additional module that offers a strength-based assessment of the skills and competencies that students need to be successful in school, career, and college.

Main constructs measured

Intrapersonal competencies; Interpersonal competencies

Applicable grade levels

Grades 5 to 12

Publication year for the most recent version

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Year originally developed

No information is available in the references reviewed.

Related measures
Measure Administration


Method of administration

Paper/Pencil, Digital

Number of items


Item format

Likert-type scale

Administration time

20 minutes

Available languages

English, Spanish

Fee for use Free and publicly available
Credentials required for administration


Overall score reporting

An overall covitality score is reported.

Subscore reporting

There are 12 subscores:

  • Self-awareness
  • Self-efficacy
  • Persistence
  • Family coherence
  • Peer support
  • School support
  • Gratitude
  • Zest
  • Optimism
  • Emotional regulation
  • Self-control
  • Empathy
Scoring procedures

Scores are calcluated by the assessment developer.

Interpretive information

No information available in the references reviewed.

Evidence of Technical Quality
Populations for which technical quality evidence has been collected

Evidence is based on 4,189 California students in Grades 8, 10, and 12.

Reliability evidence

Cronbach's alpha for the full assessment is reported as 0.92 (Furlong et al., 2014).

Validity evidence
Evidence based on content
Items were drawn from existing inventories measuring similar constructs.
Evidence based on response processes
No information available in the references reviewed.
Evidence based on internal structure
Confirmatory factor analysis was used to support scale scores, and measurement invariance was established across male and female subgroups.
Evidence based on relations with other variables
Overall score correlated positively with self-reported academic achievement and perceptions of school safety. Students with higher self-reports of substance abuse were associated with lower covitality levels.
Locating the Measure
Obtaining a copy of the measure

Furlong, M. J., You, S., Renshaw, T. L., Smith, D. C., & O'Malley, M. D. "Preliminary development and validation of the Social and Emotional Health Survey for secondary school students," Social Indicators Research, Vol. 117, No. 3, 2014, pp. 1011–1032.


This measure is also reviewed in the AWG Guide.

Measure summary updated October 29, 2018.