Offering virtual dermatology care to Medicaid recipients can sharply increase use of dermatology services. This offers one potential way to increase access to medical specialists who are in short supply.
Strategic behavior by health insurers could unravel the market for cures for chronic diseases. The cost of these cures is front-loaded, but the benefits build up over time. Thus, insurers might try to delay treatment or avoid patients who need it, in the hope that they change insurers.
A dynamic retention model can help policymakers concerned with mounting pension costs estimate and analyze the relationship between different retirement benefit policies and retention over the career of Chicago public school teachers.
There is little capacity to predict how recent pension reforms and changes to teacher compensation will affect teacher turnover and teacher experience mix—and in turn—potentially impact the cost and efficacy of the public education system. Research using a structural modeling approach may begin to fill that gap.
Use of quality of life (QoL) tools in cancer patients may improve patient–physician communication and have the potential to improve care, but the tools are not currently widely used in clinical practice, in brain cancer or other cancer contexts. More research and stakeholder engagement is needed on how QoL tools can achieve the most impact.
Given the recent focus on irregular warfare, it is essential that the United States Air Force has the capability to provide intelligence analysis in support of a broader range of operations. Past operations offer key lessons to help prepare for USAF intelligence in the future.
The vast majority of Syrian refugees live in urban areas, not camps. What can be done to improve the coordination of international and national entities managing the refugee response in urban areas in Jordan and Lebanon?
China aims to create a globally competitive commercial aviation and space industry. Its efforts have had limited impact on the U.S. aerospace sector so far, but the creation of a strong Chinese competitor could affect the U.S. economy and employment.
Formal childcare has many benefits for young children and can also help parents return to work. The European Social Fund can help create programs for parents to engage in education, training, and employment while providing childcare services for their children.
Israel faces economic and social challenges. The government has not developed and implemented strategic responses to socioeconomic problems that demand longer-term policy action. How can it form and implement a socioeconomic strategy and take a long-term view of these issues?
The Air Force Maui Optical and Supercomputing Site on the Hawaiian island of Maui is a major site of U.S. space surveillance activity. A study of best practices implemented at similar research institutions offers suggestions for how the Air Force might further streamline its operations and lower operating costs.
While the campaign against ISIL has degraded the group by targeting its leadership and retaking a portion of territory, achieving lasting defeat of ISIL in Iraq and Syria will require increased effort by the U.S. to help train local forces to hold territory. Also, political agreements must be forged to resolve key drivers of conflict among Iraqis and Syrians.
A military alliance of Muslim-majority nations to fight terrorism poses no danger to U.S. interests. In fact, the Saudi-led initiative could be helpful in several ways beyond current levels of cooperation.
The Navy is transitioning from a 32-month to a 36-month cycle, but adopting a 72-month cycle could increase the time surface vessels are deployed, allow for multiple deployments between depot availabilities, reduce the number of basic training periods, and achieve some cost savings by removing the crews during the depot maintenance period.
A high percentage of mathematics teachers report using instructional materials with some demonstrated evidence of alignment to Common Core State Standards. However, there is less evidence that state standards are playing a role in the materials English language arts teachers use.
The ENGAGED toolkit assists public health and emergency planners and NGO stakeholders, including voluntary associations, philanthropic organizations, advocacy groups, community groups, and businesses, in determining capacity and capability for disaster response and recovery.
Indonesia's informal labor sector accounts for a significant portion of total economic activity. New data shows most informal firms in Indonesia are small, relatively unproductive, and do not want to expand or pay taxes.
Among service members diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury, the majority of cases are concussions. Understanding the characteristics of service members with these injuries and their treatment patterns can inform the delivery of high-quality care.
California's social marketing campaign to reduce stigma and discrimination associated with mental illness may have positive economic effects by increasing employment and worker productivity. For every $1 invested in the stigma-reduction effort, the state should receive an estimated $36 through higher tax collections.