Featured Research

  • Barriers to Linkage to HIV Care in Ugandan Fisherfolk Communities

    Mar 18, 2016

    High population mobility, competing needs, low or inconvenient access to healthcare, and HIV stigma all play a role in impeding linkage to HIV care among fisherfolk in Uganda.

  • Proposed Refinery Regulations in California Could Provide Safety and Cost Benefits

    Mar 16, 2016

    New regulations could improve safety at oil and gas refineries in California and benefit nearby communities. Even if the proposed regulations make refineries only 7.3 percent safer than they are currently, they will be worth their implementation costs.

  • Wages, Employment, and STEM Education in Appalachia

    Mar 16, 2016

    The first county-level examination of wages and employment for workers in the Appalachia region with STEM training sets a baseline that will help measure the ongoing success of the Appalachia Partnership Initiative's efforts to prepare K-12 students and local workers for jobs in the energy and advanced manufacturing sectors.

  • Building a National Culture of Health

    Mar 11, 2016

    As part of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) Culture of Health initiative, RAND developed an action framework to achieve the goal of enabling everyone in the United States to lead healthier lives, now and for generations to come.

  • High-Quality, Full-Scale Preschool Programs Boost School Readiness and Produce Sustained Benefits

    Mar 11, 2016

    The investment in high-quality preschool may be paid back through improved outcomes during the school-age years and beyond. In addition to school readiness, they produce long-term benefits like lower rates of special education use, reduced grade repetition, and higher high school graduation rates.

  • More Effective Security Cooperation: Recommendations for Congress and the Department of Defense

    Mar 9, 2016

    The scope and scale of U.S. security cooperation make it hard for civilian leaders to play an effective oversight role. But certain actions could foster more productive discussions between DoD and Congress and, ultimately, more effective security cooperation.

  • Using Big Data to Identify the Concerns of Potential Army Recruits

    Mar 9, 2016

    How has interest in military careers evolved over time and by geographic location? And what are potential recruits' biggest concerns related to the Army? Anonymous data from Internet searches can provide insight.

  • Deterrence and Stability for the Korean Peninsula

    Mar 8, 2016

    Most trends on the Korean Peninsula favor South Korea, but North Korea's nuclear program is a great concern. Although unlikely, war is imaginable in the years ahead. The challenges for deterrence and strategic planning are greater than in the past.

  • What Are the Potential Impacts of State-Level Immigration Policies?

    Mar 8, 2016

    The expanding role of U.S. states in immigration policy raises questions about the consequences of state-level action. A cost-benefit framework identifies the economic and fiscal impacts of state-level immigration policies and how different stakeholders would be affected.

  • Retail Clinics May Increase Medical Spending, Rather Than Trim Costs

    Mar 7, 2016

    Retail clinics, seen as a convenient and cost-saving alternative to physician offices and hospital emergency departments, may actually drive up medical spending by creating demand for new medical services. They have become an attractive alternative to staying home and suffering through a minor illness.

  • Attitudes Toward Local and National Government Expressed Over Chinese Social Media

    Mar 4, 2016

    How can social media provide perspective on how the Chinese public feels about domestic political issues, such as the environment, food safety, and local versus national government?

  • Countering Adversaries Without Going to War

    Mar 3, 2016

    How can the United States coerce unfriendly states without going to war? The three potentially most cost-effective options are financial sanctions, support for nonviolent political opposition, and offensive cyber operations.

  • Modularity and Flexibility in Future Ship Designs

    Mar 3, 2016

    What are the U.S. Navy's options for extending the service lives of operational ships by adopting the concepts of modularity and flexibility in ship design? Researchers examine the concepts of modularity and flexibility, technological trends, the current geopolitical context, and lessons from past incorporation of new missions and technologies into naval ships.

  • Two Innovative New Tools to "Take the Pulse" of America's Educators

    Mar 3, 2016

    In an era of dramatic change in education, the American Teacher Panel and the American School Leader Panel provide quick and easy access to nationally representative panels of teachers and principals—fulfilling the critical need for information on a wide range of educational topics.

  • Framing Title 10 Authorities to Simplify Security Cooperation

    Mar 2, 2016

    The proliferation of legislative authorities for the Department of Defense since September 11, 2001 has created an unwieldy catalog of statutes which generate challenges to DoD security cooperation activities. A new framework and options to streamline the authorities can help DoD's security cooperation efforts.

  • Strategies for Obesity Prevention at the Point of Purchase

    Mar 2, 2016

    Four point-of-purchase strategies could protect consumers from potentially harmful marketing: Standardized portion sizes; standards for bundled meals ('combo meals'); placement and marketing restrictions on processed foods; and explicit warning labels.

  • Exploring Funding Allocations to Best Support Louisiana's Flood Risk and Resilience

    Mar 1, 2016

    States that have recently experienced a presidentially declared major disaster can apply for funds through the Natural Disaster Resilience Competition. For Louisiana's application, RAND provided a quantitative analysis of baseline flood risks under different amounts of investment in three parishes.

  • Trauma Exposure in Elementary School Children

    Mar 1, 2016

    Many young children are impacted by traumatic events. Early screening and identification may help reduce the risk for academic, social, and psychological problems.

  • The Impact of Fathers on Maltreated Youths' Mental Health

    Feb 29, 2016

    More and more, men are the heads of single-parent households. But they're often excluded from child welfare research and practice. To better serve all families in the child welfare system, it's necessary to understand the impact of primary caregiving men on child well-being.

  • Emerging Cyber Threats and Implications

    Feb 25, 2016

    Cyberspace is expanding, becoming more vulnerable, and hosting increasingly vast amounts of data. Compounding this challenge is the growing number of bad actors seeking to exploit cyberspace. What steps can be taken to help mitigate emerging threats and improve U.S. cybersecurity?