Featured Research

  • Chinese Investment in U.S. Aviation Is Not a Threat to Competitiveness

    Apr 10, 2017

    Since 2005, Chinese companies have acquired, merged, or established joint ventures with more than a dozen U.S. aviation companies. The investment has been limited to smaller manufacturers of technologies not relevant to commercial or military aircraft, likely due to effective U.S. export and foreign investment regulations.

  • The Risks of Bias and Errors in Artificial Intelligence

    Apr 6, 2017

    Machine learning algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI) influence many aspects of life today. These agents are not exempt from errors or bias because they are designed, built, and taught by humans. While AI has great promise, using it introduces a new level of risk and complexity in policy.

  • Funding Considerations in the Fight Against the Opioid Epidemic

    Apr 5, 2017

    Recent strategies to combat the opioid epidemic have had some success. But much more research is needed to understand their effectiveness. For pressing funding decisions, policymakers should focus on tactics that address both prescription opioid and heroin use.

  • 2016 RAND Annual Report

    Apr 4, 2017

    RAND's 2016 Annual Report describes the many ways in which RAND uses rigorous, unbiased, evidence-based research and analysis to help people around the world lead lives that are safer and more secure, healthier and more prosperous.

  • Helping Kids and Families Cope with Violence

    Mar 30, 2017

    Kids who have been exposed to violence are more likely to develop mental health problems and engage in risky behaviors. The need for interventions to help them is clear, but evidence about what works is still emerging. What can be learned from studying Safe Start Promising Approaches?

  • The Future of ISIL's Finances

    Mar 29, 2017

    ISIL has been described as the wealthiest terrorist group in history. It has developed diversified revenue streams from seizing control of banks, extortion, and trafficking oil. As global counter-ISIL efforts progress, how might the group's finances evolve?

  • Use of Open Educational Resources in an Era of Common Standards

    Mar 27, 2017

    EngageNY Curricula is commonly used in New York—in part due to educators' desire to help students meet state standards. Survey data shows EngageNY gives students more opportunities to engage in standards-aligned practices compared with other materials.

  • How Restaurants Can Fight Childhood Obesity

    Mar 27, 2017

    Restaurants can help lower kids' risk of obesity by adopting single-serving guidelines to help children avoid eating too much.

  • Flood Insurance Costs Rising in New York City

    Mar 27, 2017

    Hurricane Sandy highlighted the importance of efforts to promote resilience. Flood insurance is a key component, but it's hard to afford for some households in New York City. What are some options for a program that helps reduce the impact of higher premiums?

  • Russian Hybrid Warfare: What Is It, and What Can Be Done About It?

    Mar 22, 2017

    Russia's use of subversive actions, such as information and cyber operations, threatens U.S. interests in Europe. Addressing this hybrid threat will take time and effort. And any U.S. response must be developed alongside efforts to bolster conventional deterrence.

  • Wages, Employment, and STEM Education in Appalachia

    Mar 22, 2017

    An ongoing assessment of employment and wages in energy and advanced manufacturing industries in the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia region captures trends about which counties might have greater demand for educating or employing local talent in STEM careers.

  • Understanding ISIL and Principles for Defeating It

    Mar 21, 2017

    U.S. policymakers weighing options to accelerate ISIL's defeat must develop specific courses of action that address both ISIL and the regional security issues that would emerge after its fall.

  • China's Evolving Approach to Nuclear Deterrence

    Mar 15, 2017

    China's nuclear posture has been consistent since 1964. But in recent years, China has increased the numbers of its missiles and warheads and improved the quality of its force. Understanding its future nuclear direction is critical to shaping U.S. strategy.

  • The Life and Times of Zero-Day Software Vulnerabilities

    Mar 9, 2017

    Zero-day software vulnerabilities—security holes that developers haven't fixed or aren't aware of—can lurk undetected for years. They are useful in cyber operations and in defensive and academic settings. Whether to disclose or stockpile them is an ongoing debate.

  • Assessing the Needs of Massachusetts' Veterans

    Mar 7, 2017

    Massachusetts veterans have unmet needs for education, employment, health care, housing, financial, and legal services. Researchers assessed these needs to help inform state investments and guide efforts to remedy barriers to access.

  • Telehealth Prompts New Use of Medical Services; Not Likely to Decrease Spending

    Mar 6, 2017

    Direct-to-consumer telehealth services are touted as a convenient, cheaper way to get care for minor ailments. But telehealth prompts new use of medical services. This may drive up spending rather than trim costs.

  • What Are the Defense and Security Implications of Brexit?

    Mar 5, 2017

    Brexit negotiations have focused on trade, sovereignty, and immigration. But the UK's decision to leave the EU also raises important defense and security questions for the UK, Europe, and the world.

  • Defense and Security Implications of Brexit: International Perspectives

    Mar 5, 2017

    The UK has begun negotiations to leave the EU. How can defense and security actors plan for, mitigate, and address the uncertainties brought on by Brexit?

  • How to Maintain Arctic Cooperation with Russia

    Mar 2, 2017

    Despite tensions between Russia and the West, Arctic cooperation has remained intact. But America should prepare for changes that may alter Moscow's incentives. These include rising interest in Arctic resources and greater maritime access due to climate change.

  • How to Build the Army America Will Need

    Mar 1, 2017

    The world has changed since 2014, when the size and capabilities of today's U.S. forces were set. As the Trump administration develops its defense policy and strategy, it must assess whether further growth in ground force size, capabilities, and posture are needed.