Featured Research

  • Friends taking a selfie

    How Does Enrollment of Young Invincibles Affect Premiums in the ACA Individual Market?

    Using the COMPARE microsimulation model, researchers estimated the effects of reduced enrollment of young adults (invincibles) in the individual health insurance market. Results indicate that reduced enrollment of invincibles is associated with only modest premium increases.

    Feb 5, 2015

  • Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif during the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons at UN headquarters, April 27, 2015

    The Days After a Deal with Iran: Implications for the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime

    A final nuclear deal with Iran would have implications for the nuclear nonproliferation regime. Slowing or stopping Iran's nuclear development is an important nonproliferation accomplishment, but the international community will need to find ways to mitigate some of the deal's negative consequences.

    Feb 2, 2015

  • A C-130H Hercules landing in its new home in Southwest Asia in September 2014

    The Role of the USAF in the Days After a Deal with Iran

    The U.S. will face a complex set of policy issues and trade-offs in the aftermath of a nuclear agreement with Iran. The U.S. Air Force should see itself as having a role in informing senior-level policy discussions as to how its military posture in the region could be designed in support of alternative U.S. policies toward Iran.

    Feb 2, 2015

  • U.S. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell welcomes newly elected Republican senators, November 12, 2014

    The Days After a Deal with Iran: Congress's Role in Implementing a Nuclear Agreement

    The president has extensive authority under the law to provide sanctions relief to Iran as part of a comprehensive nuclear agreement. Nevertheless, Congress can take a range of steps to facilitate, hinder, or even block the executive branch's efforts.

    Feb 2, 2015

  • Women network with representatives from Lockheed Martin at the Military Spouse Career Forum and Fair, April 2014

    Advancing the Careers of Military Spouses

    Military spouses face challenges related to military life that can make it difficult for them to maintain and develop careers. The My Career Advancement Account (MyCAA) scholarship is one program designed to help them, but only one in five eligible spouses reported using it.

    Jan 27, 2015

  • Paratroopers perform an airborne training exercise

    Enhancing Army Airborne Forces

    U.S. Army airborne forces could play a pivotal role in key missions in the future, particularly against hybrid threats and in anti-access environments. However, they face serious threats that could become more severe. To overcome these new threats, the airborne force will need new capabilities.

    Jan 26, 2015

  • A doctor makes a big transformation

    More Daring Ideas to Form Health Policy: Why Not?

    When it comes to health policy, there are two basic approaches: (1) cautious and careful, or (2) disruptive and daring. The former is less threatening, but what might happen if decision makers were more driven by creativity and less concerned about regulations?

    Jan 23, 2015

  • Los Angeles firefighters standing in a flood

    Improving the Recruiting and Hiring of Los Angeles Firefighters

    The city of Los Angeles should revise its hiring process for firefighters in ways that increase diversity among highly-competitive applicants, minimize processing demands on the city, and create greater transparency for applicants in minimum qualifications and selection criteria.

    Jan 22, 2015

  • Marijuana-infused candies at a store in Colorado, January 2014

    Options and Issues Regarding Marijuana Legalization

    Marijuana legalization is a controversial and multifaceted issue that is now the subject of serious debate. Policy should not be viewed as a binary choice between prohibition and the for-profit commercial model seen in Colorado and Washington State.

    Jan 21, 2015

  • A young woman cares for her elderly grandmother

    The Cost of Elderly Caregiving

    Family members and friends spend 30 billion hours each year providing care for their elderly loved ones. These caregivers are giving up valuable time, either from their jobs or from other potentially productive activities. What is the annual price tag of this informal care—and how might it be offset?

    Jan 20, 2015

  • Police officer using radio to communicate

    High-Priority Information Technology Needs for Law Enforcement

    Law enforcement's knowledge of information technology and its dissemination can be improved. A federal coordinator for technology-related outreach should be designated; this coordinator would work with various offices involved to develop and monitor a dissemination strategy.

    Jan 19, 2015

  • A group of children study the globe with their teacher

    Is It Possible to Distinguish Good Teaching from Classroom Composition?

    Measuring disadvantaged students' access to effective teachers requires examining the relationship between teachers' value-added estimates and the characteristics of their students. Research simulations investigate this relationship and may also help inform analysts' choices for the appropriate value-added models.

    Jan 19, 2015

  • Canvassers leave flyers to drum up support for Oregon's Measure 91, which would legalize recreational marijuana use, in Portland, October 28, 2014

    The Marijuana Legalization Debate

    Marijuana policy should not be viewed as a binary choice between prohibition and the for-profit commercial model seen in Colorado and Washington. Legalization encompasses a wide range of possible regimes.

    Jan 16, 2015

  • Customers shop for "Green Friday" deals in Denver, Colorado, November 28, 2014

    Insights for Vermont and Other States Considering Marijuana Legalization

    If Vermont chooses to remove its prohibition on producing and selling marijuana, lawmakers will have many choices to make about who will supply it, who can buy it, if and how it will be taxed, and how it will be regulated. There are pros and cons to all policy options as well as uncertainty about how different forms of legalization will affect public health and safety.

    Jan 16, 2015

  • Syria's President Bashar al-Assad welcomes Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif before a meeting in Damascus January 15, 2014

    The Conflict in Syria: Regional Spillover Effects

    The literature on armed conflict shows that external military support, large numbers of refugees, and the fragility of neighboring states contribute to the spread of violence from civil war and insurgency.

    Jan 16, 2015

  • A stethoscope and a health insurance claim

    Predictive Model Could Apply to Medicare Physician Fee Schedule

    The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services uses a resource-based relative value (RBRV) scale to calculate payments for physicians. The values of the scale were validated with predictive modeling, and the result may be helpful in two key applications: flagging codes as potentially misvalued and determining why a code is valued differently than predicted.

    Jan 16, 2015

  • A patient and counseling professional shake hands

    Improving Outcomes for Substance Use Patients: Quality Measures May Be Necessary

    The Affordable Care Act significantly increases coverage for substance use treatment, but it does not define quality measures—which are essential to monitoring and improving treatment. Thus, increased coverage may not translate into better outcomes unless existing measures are refined and new measures are developed and tested.

    Jan 16, 2015

  • Mom watches on as her baby contemplates steps

    Investing in Early Social and Emotional Development Is Key

    For children to flourish and succeed, they must be able to problem solve, handle stress and develop resilience, and interact appropriately with peers and adults. A study of children in Shelby County, Tennessee identifies factors in the home, child care setting, and community that contribute to social and emotional development.

    Jan 15, 2015

  • Holding a tablet computer with a weather icon

    The Adoption of New Smart-Grid Technologies

    A smart grid for the United States could have large-scale benefits. There are technological, economic, and regulatory barriers, but new policies or changes to policy could help overcome them.

    Jan 15, 2015

  • Muslims hold placards as they march towards the U.S. embassy in London, May 2011

    New Book About 'Eurojihad' Explores Evolution of Radical Networks Threatening Europe, U.S.

    Europe is central to Islamist terror organizations and the sources of radicalization of these individuals go far deeper than the current situation in Iraq and Syria. European governments are moving beyond policing and security measures by addressing the factors that encourage and facilitate radicalization and recruitment — approaches that might also be of value to the United States.

    Jan 14, 2015