Featured Research

  • Taking Action Against U.S. Import Dependence

    Dec 12, 2017

    When a country that controls its materials production dominates the supply chain for a critical material—as China does with tungsten—it's harder for American manufacturers to compete. But the United States can take steps to help mitigate this issue.

  • Potential Impacts of Brexit on UK, EU, U.S. Economies

    Dec 12, 2017

    The UK economy is likely to suffer under the most probable post-Brexit trade scenarios. Leaving the EU with no deal would make the UK nearly 5 percent poorer in 2029 than if it had remained. The most beneficial scenario would be a trilateral UK-EU-U.S. agreement, but that is unlikely in the current political environment.

  • Calculator Explores Five “Hard Brexit” Scenarios

    Dec 12, 2017

    An interactive calculator based on RAND's After Brexit report allows users to examine how negotiations are likely to affect the economies of the UK, EU, and U.S. in the 10 years after Brexit negotiations conclude.

  • Rethinking the U.S. Approach to Force Planning

    Dec 7, 2017

    The force planning standard used since the end of the Cold War is ill-suited for today's strategic circumstances. Force planning today should focus on modernizing the capabilities and posture of U.S. forces to better enable them to deter and defeat aggression by China, Russia, North Korea, Iran, and Salafist-jihadi groups worldwide.

  • U.S. Strategic Interests in the Middle East and Implications for the Army

    Dec 7, 2017

    The U.S. Army should be prepared for its involvement in the Middle East and North Africa to extend into the future. Having borne the brunt of previous interventions there, the Army is well positioned to help policymakers understand both the utility and the limitations of U.S. military power in the region.

  • How Russia's Military Has Evolved

    Dec 7, 2017

    The Russian armed forces are not like the Soviet Army in size, depth, or global ideological aspirations. But Russia has demonstrated its military competence and operational flexibility in Crimea, eastern Ukraine, and Syria.

  • The Risks of AI to Security and the Future of Work

    Dec 6, 2017

    As artificial intelligence (AI) becomes more prevalent in the domains of security and employment, what are the policy implications? What effects might AI have on cybersecurity, criminal and civil justice, and labor market patterns?

  • Promising Approaches to Army Institutional Change

    Dec 5, 2017

    The U.S. Army is facing many challenges. These include behavioral health issues, misconduct, and adjustment to changing demographics. Long-term solutions will require changes in Army culture and climate. Such changes are difficult, but promising strategies do exist.

  • Signals Intelligence for Anyone

    Dec 5, 2017

    Signals intelligence (SIGINT) is intelligence gathered from communications, electronics, or foreign instrumentation. SIGINT has traditionally been considered a governmental function. But new technologies allow citizens to conduct SIGINT activities. This has implications for the government.

  • Social and Emotional Learning Interventions Under the ESSA

    Dec 5, 2017

    A review of social and emotional learning interventions for K–12 students can help education policymakers identify those that satisfy ESSA evidence requirements and meet their local needs.

  • Supportive Housing May Pay for Itself

    Dec 5, 2017

    Housing for Health provides permanent supportive housing to people in Los Angeles County with complex medical and behavioral health issues. Evaluation after one year revealed dramatic reductions in their use of public services, such as emergency medical care, resulting in a net cost savings of 20 percent.

  • Not Everything Is Broken with U.S. Transportation and Water Infrastructure

    Dec 5, 2017

    Transportation and water infrastructure funding and finance in the United States are not nearly as dire as some believe. But a national consensus on infrastructure priorities, accompanied by targeted spending and selected policy changes, is needed.

  • Recommendations for a Future National Defense Strategy

    Nov 30, 2017

    War games and analysis suggest that U.S. forces could lose the next war they are called upon to fight. The nation must invest in new field systems and military capabilities to create a robust defensive posture vis-à-vis China, Russia, and other adversaries.

  • Exchange Reconstruction Assistance for Bottom-Up Reform in Syria

    Nov 30, 2017

    Syrian peace talks are not working. What leverage the United States and its allies have derives largely from their ability to offer or withhold reconstruction aid. Offering reconstruction on a community-by-community basis could provide a way forward in Syria.

  • How to Reduce Mortality in Correctional Facilities

    Nov 27, 2017

    Inmates disproportionately suffer from a variety of health conditions, compared with the general population. Some in-custody deaths are inevitable; for example, elderly inmates may die of old age. But certain types of death are highly preventable.

  • American Jihadists Are Made in the U.S.A., Not Imported

    Nov 20, 2017

    Homegrown jihadists account for most of the terrorist activity in the United States since 9/11. A review of 86 plots and 22 actual attacks indicates that vetting people who come to America cannot identify those who radicalize on U.S. soil.

  • Early Childhood Programs Can Improve Outcomes and Outweigh Costs

    Nov 16, 2017

    A review of 115 early childhood interventions — including preschool, home visiting, parent education, and other approaches — finds that most programs have favorable effects on at least one child outcome. And most of the programs with benefit–cost analyses show positive returns.

  • U.S. Health System Should Prepare for Future Alzheimer's Treatments

    Nov 15, 2017

    The U.S. health care system isn't ready to meet demand for a breakthrough Alzheimer's treatment. Results from clinical trials are producing guarded optimism that a breakthrough could arrive as early as 2020. If this happens, up to 2.1 million patients could develop Alzheimer's dementia by 2040 while on treatment and evaluation waiting lists.

  • Dual-Language Immersion Programs Raise Student Achievement in English

    Nov 8, 2017

    Portland Public Schools students randomly assigned to dual-language immersion programs outperformed their peers on state reading tests by 13 percent in grade 5 and by 22 percent in grade 8. Students gained proficiency in a second language with no drop in their performance in math or science.

  • Russia's Approach to Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency

    Nov 7, 2017

    The United States and Russia have both suffered at the hands of Islamic militants. But any attempts by Moscow to compare its campaign against jihadists with America's war on terrorism are inaccurate. Russia's brutal methods have often made things worse, so the United States shouldn't view Russia as a viable counterterrorism partner.