Featured Research

  • Cocaine, cannabis leaf, and syringe, photos by Bits and Splits, underworld, and Leonid/Adobe Stock

    How Big Is the U.S. Market for Cannabis, Cocaine, Heroin, and Meth?

    Aug 20, 2019

    Americans spent about $150 billion on cannabis, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine in 2016. The cannabis market was roughly the size of the cocaine and meth markets combined.

  • Teachers talking in a school hallway, photo by DGLimages/Getty Images

    Educators Turn to Colleagues for Help with Struggling Students

    Aug 15, 2019

    When their students have academic or behavioral challenges, educators often consult with another teacher, support staff, principal, or district leader to weigh strategies. When selecting interventions, they consider relevance to local context, rigor of evidence, and feasibility.

  • A licensed clinical social worker listens to her client during a therapy session at the Bay Pines Veterans Administration Healthcare Center in Bay Pines, Florida, October 29, 2015, photo by EJ Hersom/DoD News

    How to Improve Mental Health Care for Veterans

    Aug 13, 2019

    Veterans, especially those who deployed overseas, face elevated risks of mental health conditions. Those who have served since the September 11, 2001, attacks are particularly vulnerable. About one in five experiences mental health problems. Are veterans getting the high-quality care that they need?

  • Overdose rescue kits on a table during an Opioid Overdose Prevention Training class provided by Lourdes Hospital in Binghamton, New York, April 5, 2018

    Synthetic Opioid Surge Is a U.S. Public Health Emergency

    Aug 13, 2019

    In less than six years, the number of fatal overdoses in the United States that involve synthetic opioids has increased tenfold. Where are synthetic opioids concentrated? And to what extent is the problem spreading?

  • Armed fighters over a background of Syrian, Iraqi, and U.S. currencies and gold ingots, photos by zabelin, Cimmerian, Vitoria Holdings LLC, and johan10/Getty Images

    U.S. Efforts Are Essential to Counter an Islamic State Comeback

    Aug 8, 2019

    The Islamic State can no longer rely on local funding sources as it did when it controlled territory. But as an insurgency, its expenses are far lower. With revenue from criminal activities and the cash it hoarded, the group will survive as a clandestine terrorist movement. Counterfinance, intelligence, and possibly military action will be needed.

  • Aerial view of islands in Palau, photo by Lightning Strike Pro/Adobe Stock

    America's Pacific Island Allies

    Aug 6, 2019

    Located north and northeast of Australia and east of the Philippines, the Freely Associated States of the Pacific are subject to growing Chinese influence. U.S. funding and engagement with these states is key to America's defense and foreign policy goals.

  • Diagram of an insider threat under a magnifying glass, image by Andrea Danti/Adobe Stock

    Continuous Evaluation Could Improve U.S. Government Security

    Aug 5, 2019

    Trusted insiders have caused extreme harm to the United States. Thorough vetting of government personnel is essential, as is a process that can continuously evaluate those who could do the country harm. Continuous Evaluation approaches could be more effective and less costly than the current security clearance system.

  • Pre-rolled marijuana joints are pictured at the Sea of Green Farms in Seattle, Washington, June 30, 2014, photo by Jason Redmond/Reuters

    How Is the Cannabis Market in Washington State Changing?

    Aug 2, 2019

    This report provides detailed information about state-legal cannabis production and sales in Washington, as well as insights about the total amount of THC obtained from legal and illegal sources.

  • A Chinese military health worker, part of a delegation sent by China to help in the fight against Ebola, has her temperature taken as she arrives at Roberts airport outside Monrovia, November 15, 2014, photo by James Giahyue/Reuters

    Implications of U.S.-China Collaborations on Global Health Issues

    Jul 31, 2019

    Past U.S.-China collaborations on pandemic surveillance, public health system building, and biomedical research have benefited both countries and the world. But rising tensions over trade, technology sharing, and security concerns may threaten joint efforts on health.

  • A guard leaves the Lee Correctional Institution in Bishopville, South Carolina, April 16, 2018, photo by Randall Hill/Reuters

    What Correctional Institutions Need to Address Security Challenges

    Jul 31, 2019

    In addition to violence, contraband, and compromised staff members, correctional institutions are facing newer security threats like computer hacks, synthetic drugs, cell phones, and drones. An expert workshop identified high-priority needs for countering these threats.

  • A U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer opens a plastic bottle to test the pills inside at the International Mail Facility at O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, Illinois, November 29, 2017, photo by Joshua Lott/Reuters

    Illicit Supply of Fentanyl and Other Synthetic Opioids

    Jul 25, 2019

    The drivers behind U.S. overdose deaths have changed in the last ten years. Today's problem largely comes from illicitly manufactured synthetic opioid powders, particularly fentanyl, much of which comes from China. Congress and executive agencies will need to look beyond available drug policy tools when considering responses.

  • Teacher calling on an elementary student in class, photo by Monkey Business/Adobe Stock

    How Prepared Are Educators to Support Diverse Students?

    Jul 25, 2019

    Most principals and teachers surveyed agreed that their preservice training prepared them to lead a school or teach in a classroom, but just over 60 percent of them felt prepared to support nonwhite and low-income students. And white educators felt even less prepared than their nonwhite peers.

  • Men listening in a support group, photo by SolStock/Getty Images

    Results of the Co-Design of Services for Health and Reentry (CO-SHARE) Study

    Jul 24, 2019

    Individuals returning to the community from jail often face difficulties accessing services that improve reentry and reduce recidivism. RAND reviewed a pilot study in Los Angeles County, the Co-Design of Services for Health and Reentry (CO-SHARE), that encouraged returning individuals and service providers to collaborate on improving health and reentry services.

  • A criminal in handcuffs faces police lights

    As Youthful Arrests Spike, Their Consequences Rise, Too

    Jul 19, 2019

    Americans ages 26 to 35 are 3.6 times more likely to have been arrested by age 26 than those who are at least age 66. The consequences may be serious and lasting for these young people—and for the nation.

  • Members of youth soccer teams walk onto the field with the Philadelphia Union before a match against the Portland Timbers at Talen Energy Stadium, Philadelphia, Pa., May 25, 2019, photo by Eric Hartline/USA Today Sports via Reuters

    Kids from Low-Income Families Are Less Likely to Participate in Sports

    Jul 18, 2019

    Parents, school administrators, and community sports program leaders agree that sports participation provides kids with benefits. But only 52 percent of lower-income parents involve their children in sports, compared with 66 percent of higher-income parents, in part because of rising costs and time commitments.

  • Smart car 3D rendering, photo by Production Perig/Adobe Stock

    When an Autonomous Vehicle Is Hacked, Who Is Liable?

    Jul 12, 2019

    Hacks on autonomous vehicles could lead to deaths, property destruction, ransomware attacks, or data theft. Several scenarios illustrate the policy challenges facing the civil legal system, insurers, and others.

  • Equations and formulas behind scales of justice, images by monsitj and DNY59/Getty Images

    Addressing the Challenges of Algorithmic Equity

    Jul 11, 2019

    Social institutions increasingly use algorithms for decisionmaking purposes. How do different perspectives on equity or fairness inform the use of algorithms in the context of auto insurance pricing, job recruitment, and criminal justice?

  • A teacher holding a tablet and talking to a student, photo by Monkey Business Images/Adobe Stock

    Do Teachers Have What They Need to Support Students with Unique Learning Profiles?

    Jul 11, 2019

    Many students face unique educational circumstances, such as learning disabilities, housing instability, and exposure to poverty. Do teachers have what they need to help these students succeed?

  • Woman holding a laptop and looking at various news and media images, photo by metamorworks/Getty Images

    Media Literacy Education as a Tool for Mitigating 'Truth Decay'

    Jul 11, 2019

    Can media literacy education help counter the diminishing role of facts and analysis in American public life? To find out, RAND experts analyzed what we know—and don't know—about the subject.

  • The Chinese Navy's nuclear-powered submarine Long March 11 takes part in a naval parade to mark the 70th anniversary of the founding of Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy, China, April 23, 2019, photo by Jason Lee/Reuters

    Implications of a World-Class Chinese Military

    Jul 2, 2019

    President Xi Jinping's pursuit of a world-class People's Liberation Army, if realized by 2050, will represent perhaps the most destabilizing geostrategic development of the 21st century. In what areas is the PLA modernizing? What are the implications for the United States and the Indo-Pacific region?