Featured Research

  • Employers and Colleges Could Plan Better for Future Oil and Natural Gas Workforce

    Oct 17, 2017

    Horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing to tap natural gas should bring long-term economic benefits to Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. A survey of employers and educators can inform policy decisions on how best to expand and sustain the pool of workers with the needed knowledge and skills.

  • Building a Sustainable STEM Workforce in Appalachia

    Oct 12, 2017

    The tristate region of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia needs more workers with STEM skills to fill jobs in the energy and advanced manufacturing sectors. The Appalachia Partnership Initiative is investing in education and workforce development programs to meet the demand and build a STEM ecosystem for the future.

  • Community Schools Take a Holistic Approach to Urban Education

    Oct 11, 2017

    The New York City Community Schools Initiative is a strategy to organize resources and share leadership so that academics, health and wellness, youth development, and family engagement are integrated into each school. An assessment of 118 schools finds that with support from partners, school improvement should continue.

  • How Might Russia Respond to U.S. and NATO Posture Changes?

    Oct 10, 2017

    The escalation in tensions between Russia and NATO since 2014 has led to numerous proposals to enhance U.S. and NATO posture on the Alliance's eastern flank. Assessing Russia's possible reactions is vital to any analysis of which posture and capability enhancements the U.S. and NATO should pursue.

  • Bridging Gaps in Veterans' Mental Health Care

    Oct 9, 2017

    The Welcome Back Veterans (WBV) Initiative aims to bridge gaps in mental health care for returning veterans and their families. Strategic planning will help ensure WBV's continued effectiveness.

  • Are Soldiers Getting What They Need?

    Oct 9, 2017

    In addition to typical American household issues, service members and their families deal with challenges like deployments and frequent moves. A survey of more than 7,000 active-duty soldiers provides insight into the problems they face, their needs, and the resources they use.

  • What Do U.S. Teachers Think of State Standards and Assessments?

    Oct 4, 2017

    Most U.S. mathematics and English language arts teachers support the use of state standards in instruction. However, the majority of them do not support the use of state tests to measure mastery of the standards.

  • U.S. Obesity Epidemic: A Look at the Data

    Oct 3, 2017

    Obesity in America has reached epidemic proportions. The forces driving this trend include marketing practices at grocery stores, friends' junk-food preferences, and nutritional messages that parents send their kids.

  • Risk of U.S.-China Conflict Should Not Be Ignored or Exaggerated

    Oct 2, 2017

    Armed conflict between the United States and China is not likely, but the possibility requires prudent policies and effective deterrent measures. Chinese air and sea defense capabilities continue to grow, making U.S. forward-basing more vulnerable and the defense of U.S. interests in the region potentially more costly.

  • Public Cord Blood Banks Provide Benefits Despite Drop in Use

    Sep 29, 2017

    U.S. umbilical cord blood banks are a valuable resource for patients and the research community. Their benefits far outweigh their costs, and they should continue to receive federal support. There are strategies available to strengthen public cord banks and broaden their usefulness.

  • Improving Care for Schizophrenic Patients Through Personalized Treatment

    Sep 28, 2017

    Access to information on a patient's antipsychotic plasma levels—the amount of drug circulating in the patient's blood—can reduce prescriber uncertainty, resulting in better care and outcomes for schizophrenia patients.

  • U.S.-Russia-China Cooperation Could Hinder the Proliferation of Hypersonic Missiles

    Sep 27, 2017

    Hypersonic missiles are a new class of threat that could penetrate most missile defenses and compress the timelines for a nation under attack to respond. The United States, Russia, and China should agree not to export hypersonic missile systems or components to other nations.

  • Community Citizen Science Could Transform Science and Society

    Sep 27, 2017

    Community citizen science involves public participation in research to support interventional activities or policy change. There is disagreement over current standards of practice, but if successful, citizen science could improve communities, science, and decisionmaking.

  • U.S. Religious Congregations Offer Mental Health Support

    Sep 21, 2017

    Nearly a quarter of congregations in the United States provide mental health programming. Greater coordination between those congregations and mental health providers could foster more integrated and holistic care, which may lead to improved recovery outcomes.

  • How Should Autonomous Vehicles Be Regulated?

    Sep 18, 2017

    Autonomous vehicles could greatly reduce the risk of crashes. But the safety benefits are not yet proven and may not be known until AVs are widespread. What kind of regulatory approach could help balance innovation, risk, and uncertainty?

  • How the Army Can Retain Its Cyber Expertise

    Sep 18, 2017

    Projected earnings for information security analysts with characteristics similar to those of enlisted soldiers are comparable with military pay. But retention efforts may be hampered by soldiers' perceptions of civilian opportunities.

  • Considering Cannabis Legalization in Canada

    Sep 14, 2017

    If Canada legalizes marijuana, policymakers will face complex choices that will have unpredictable consequences. Those considering alternatives to prohibition should be cautious and build flexibility into the regulations they propose.

  • Repealing or Replacing ACA Would Result in More Uninsured Veterans and Stress on VA Health System

    Sep 14, 2017

    Recent congressional proposals to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act would increase the number of uninsured nonelderly veterans and further increase demand for VA health care. The effects would vary across states, but the largest impacts would be felt in states that expanded Medicaid.

  • ISIL's Negative Economic Impacts on Iraq and Syria

    Sep 13, 2017

    The Islamic State reduced the GDP of cities under its control by 23 percent. The group was able to maintain stable conditions in parts of Mosul and Raqqah, but conditions elsewhere deteriorated under poor governance and an inability to defend its territory from military opposition.

  • What Are the Trends in Armed Conflicts? What Do They Mean for U.S. Defense Policy?

    Sep 12, 2017

    Until the wars in Syria and Ukraine, armed conflict in the world had been decreasing for decades. Future projections show continued decline, but the U.S. military has an important role in deterring conflict, underpinning peacekeeping coalitions, and possibly in responding to proxy wars by other powers.