Featured Research

  • Early Childhood Programs Can Improve Outcomes and Outweigh Costs

    Nov 16, 2017

    A review of 115 early childhood interventions — including preschool, home visiting, parent education, and other approaches — finds that most programs have favorable effects on at least one child outcome. And most of the programs with benefit–cost analyses show positive returns.

  • U.S. Health System Should Prepare for Future Alzheimer's Treatments

    Nov 15, 2017

    Advanced clinical trials are underway for at least 10 promising therapies for Alzheimer's disease. But the U.S. health care system lacks the capacity to rapidly move a treatment from approval into wide clinical use. Millions of people could miss out on transformative care if such a breakthrough occurs.

  • Dual-Language Immersion Programs Raise Student Achievement in English

    Nov 8, 2017

    Portland Public Schools students randomly assigned to dual-language immersion programs outperformed their peers on state reading tests by 13 percent in grade 5 and by 22 percent in grade 8. Students gained proficiency in a second language with no drop in their performance in math or science.

  • Russia's Approach to Counterterrorism and Counterinsurgency

    Nov 7, 2017

    The United States and Russia have both suffered at the hands of Islamic militants. But any attempts by Moscow to compare its campaign against jihadists with America's war on terrorism are inaccurate. Russia's brutal methods have often made things worse, so the United States shouldn't view Russia as a viable counterterrorism partner.

  • Deploying Autonomous Vehicles Before They're Perfect Will Save More Lives

    Nov 7, 2017

    Autonomous vehicles should only have to be moderately better than human drivers before being widely used in the United States. This approach could save thousands of lives annually even before the technology is perfected.

  • Options for Regulating Small Unmanned Aerial Systems

    Nov 6, 2017

    The FAA predicts that there will be between 2.75 and 4.47 million small Unmanned Aerial Systems (sUAS) flown in the United States by 2021. As the skies become more crowded, action is needed from the federal government and sUAS manufacturers and operators to ensure the public's safety.

  • Agriculture Security in America

    Nov 2, 2017

    The United States has made progress in developing systems to safeguard the nation's agriculture. But threats persist because of socioeconomic, environmental, and ecological factors.

  • Planning for Climate Change in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

    Oct 27, 2017

    There is a wealth of data and climate information that could help improve resilience of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Increased flooding, rising temperatures, and the potential for extreme rainfall events will impact future decisions about transportation, land, and water management.

  • An Alternative Future for the Corrections Sector

    Oct 26, 2017

    Experts agree that the main role of the U.S. corrections sector should be to help improve offenders' behavior. Better staff training, the elimination of operations that generate revenue, and a cultural shift to prioritize rehabilitation over punishment could help.

  • Armies Have a Role to Play in Nation Building

    Oct 24, 2017

    Events in Iraq and Mali have raised questions about the value of Security Force Assistance and U.S. capacity to strengthen client states' militaries in the face of insurgencies or other threats. History shows that SFA programs could be improved if they focused more on ideology and how an army complements a host country's larger nation-building efforts.

  • How to Sustain Summer Learning Programs

    Oct 23, 2017

    Summer learning programs can provide academic support to students who need it the most. But they tend to be threatened when budgets are tight. Can integrating these programs into school districts' core priorities and operations improve their sustainability?

  • Out-of-School Time Programs Are Worthy of Public Investment

    Oct 23, 2017

    Children need safe places, caring adults, and enriching activities when not in school. Out-of-school time programs build human and cultural capital and develop kids' interests and skills. Public funding helps low-income youth have experiences that may provide lasting developmental benefits.

  • Biosimilar Drugs May Reduce U.S. Health Spending by $54 Billion

    Oct 23, 2017

    Biologics are complex drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, cancer, and other diseases. They accounted for 70 percent of the growth in U.S. prescription drug spending between 2010 and 2015. Biosimilar versions of biologics could cut health care costs by $54 billion over the next decade.

  • Employers and Colleges Could Plan Better for Future Oil and Natural Gas Workforce

    Oct 17, 2017

    Advances in natural gas extraction should bring long-term economic benefits to Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. A survey of employers and educators can inform policy decisions on how best to expand and sustain the pool of skilled workers.

  • Building a Sustainable STEM Workforce in Appalachia

    Oct 12, 2017

    The tristate region of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia needs more workers with STEM skills to fill jobs in the energy and advanced manufacturing sectors. The Appalachia Partnership Initiative is investing in education and workforce development programs to meet the demand and build a STEM ecosystem for the future.

  • Community Schools Take a Holistic Approach to Urban Education

    Oct 11, 2017

    The New York City Community Schools Initiative is a strategy to organize resources and share leadership so that academics, health and wellness, youth development, and family engagement are integrated into each school. An assessment of 118 schools finds that with support from partners, school improvement should continue.

  • How Might Russia Respond to U.S. and NATO Posture Changes?

    Oct 10, 2017

    The escalation in tensions between Russia and NATO since 2014 has led to numerous proposals to enhance U.S. and NATO posture on the Alliance's eastern flank. Assessing Russia's possible reactions is vital to any analysis of which posture and capability enhancements the U.S. and NATO should pursue.

  • Bridging Gaps in Veterans' Mental Health Care

    Oct 9, 2017

    The Welcome Back Veterans (WBV) Initiative aims to bridge gaps in mental health care for returning veterans and their families. Strategic planning will help ensure WBV's continued effectiveness.

  • The Changing Landscape for Veterans' Mental Health Care

    Oct 9, 2017

    The changing landscape of veterans' mental health care poses challenges for the Welcome Back Veterans (WBV) initiative. Examining these challenges may help WBV ensure continued success and sustainability.

  • Are Soldiers Getting What They Need?

    Oct 9, 2017

    In addition to typical household issues, U.S. military families deal with unique challenges, such as deployments and frequent moves. A survey of more than 7,000 active-duty soldiers provides insight into the problems they face, their needs, and the resources they use.