The United States should develop a capability to orchestrate all relevant elements of U.S. national power in its "fundamentally political contests" with revisionist, revolutionary, and rogue powers. The authors propose the establishment of an American political warfare capability -- with the authorities and knowledge to synchronize all elements of national power in contests with and without armed conflict -- and a national center on political warfare.
The Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center
Synthesizing Evidence to Shape Practice, Inform Policy, and Drive Future Research
The Southern California Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC), located at RAND, was established in 1997. The EPC is designated by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) as one of 12 centers in North America to produce evidence reports.
The EPC reviews scientific literature on a wide spectrum of clinical and health services topics. We produce systematic reviews, evidence maps, scoping reviews, rapid reviews, and other literature synthesis products. Our reviews inform clinicians, patients, guideline groups, policy makers, purchases, payors, and research agendas. We synthesize literature on medical, psychological, behavioral, and organizational topics and conduct research to advance evidence synthesis methods.
Our EPC combines the talents of RAND and our core collaborators at the University of California, Los Angeles; University of California, San Francisco; Stanford University; and University of Southern California. In addition, through the VA HSR&D Center of Innovation and the VA Evidence-Synthesis Program (ESP), we collaborate with the Greater Los Angeles Veteran Affairs Healthcare System. The center is also affiliated with five health services research training programs, and the Guidelines International Network.
Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Summary of Findings (SoF) Tables to Improve Understanding in the Presentation of Systematic Review Results: A Three-Arm, Randomised, Controlled, Non-Inferiority Trial 2018
This study is an important first step in understanding how to present complex information to the multitude of systematic reviews users in an understandable and accessible way.
In October 2015, U.S. Army Special Operations Command facilitated a forum to explore the subject of comprehensive deterrence. Part I of this report delivers the forum proceedings, reflecting a robust discussion of deterrence. To support the discussion, the RAND Corporation commissioned five papers to examine aspects of comprehensive deterrence, referencing four waves of deterrence literature. The papers are included in Part II of this report.
Effects of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) for Opioid Use Disorder on Functional Outcomes: A Systematic Review 2018
A weak evidence base prevents strong conclusions about the effects of Medication Assisted Treatment for opioid use disorder on functional outcomes.
Expanding Operating and Support Cost Analysis for Major Programs During the DoD Acquisition Process: Legal Requirements, Current Practices, and Recommendations 2018
The Office of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation was established to perform a broad set of cost analysis duties related to major defense acquisition programs. Subsequent laws have mandated additional duties. But the personnel, data, expertise, and other resources to fulfill these additional duties are not always available. The authors examine the requirements and offer recommendations for obtaining the resources to complete required analyses.