In this report, the authors assess China's current military theory, strategy, and guiding principles, and they also delineate notional doctrinal or operational concepts that likely underpin People's Liberation Army military planning. This report is intended as a primer for U.S. Department of Defense strategists and planners as they conduct campaign planning and formulate responses to China's evolving military strategy and doctrine.
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Testimony presented before the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission on September 9, 2020.
Countering Violent Extremism in the Philippines: A Snapshot of Current Challenges and Responses 2020
The threat of terrorism and violent extremism in the Philippines—especially in Mindanao, the Philippines' second-largest island—is severe and persistent. In this report, RAND researchers provide a snapshot of the terrorist and extremist threats facing the Philippines and the countering violent extremism efforts that the Philippine government and nongovernmental agencies have undertaken in response.
Promoting Peace as the Antidote to Violent Extremism: Evaluation of a Philippines-Based Tech Camp and Peace Promotion Fellowship 2020
Equal Access International (EAI)'s countering violent extremism (CVE)–themed programming involves training local civil society members in Mindanao to design and implement locally based CVE campaigns. This report contains an evaluation of and recommendations from a set of EAI tech camps and fellowships in the Philippines. The authors of this report include research from a study of EAI CVE radio programming on Mindanao.
Countering Violent Extremism in Indonesia: Using an Online Panel Survey to Assess a Social Media Counter-Messaging Campaign 2020
This report presents the results of an evaluation designed to assess the effects of countering violent extremism–themed social media content used in a campaign to promote tolerance, freedom of speech, and rejection of violence in Indonesia. The campaign was partially successful in its appeal to the intended audience, its communication of its message, and its positive effects on certain attitudes. However, there were also negative effects.
Chinese primary-source materials indicate that China is aggressively working toward becoming a global leader in big data analytics as part of its plan to achieve great power status. The authors of this report assessed a variety of primary sources, including specific ministry-level plans and guidance, and pinpointed how Beijing is using big data analytics to survey its domestic population and enhance its military capabilities.
North Korean Decisionmaking: Economic Opening, Conventional Deterrence Breakdown, and Nuclear Use 2020
The authors examine (1) the experiences of North Korea and three similar authoritarian regimes — China, Vietnam, and Cuba — to forecast why and how North Korea might adopt a new economic model; (2) what might happen if conventional deterrence fails on the Korean Peninsula; and (3) what might lead North Korea to use nuclear weapons.
North Korean Conventional Artillery: A Means to Retaliate, Coerce, Deter, or Terrorize Populations 2020
North Korea maintains massive numbers of conventional artillery systems that pose serious a threat to major South Korean population centers. Researchers assessed the magnitude of the threat across five attack scenarios, and this document presents a series of infographics detailing their findings, providing a useful tool for understanding this important aspect of the complex situation on the Korean peninsula.