Israel and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Israel faces a wide range of social, economic, and security challenges, some of which stem from the decades-long conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. RAND's research has focused on the costs of this conflict as well as the requirements for a successful Palestinian state. Our experts also focus on domestic challenges within Israel, including long-term economic strategy, police reform, and energy policy.

Our Work

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Chinese President Xi Jinping shake hands ahead of their talks at Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing, China, March 21, 2017, photo by Etienne Oliveau/Reuters/Pool


    How Has the Israel-China Relationship Evolved?

    Mar 21, 2019

    Efron , et al.

    Since the early 2000s, relations between China and Israel have expanded in areas like diplomacy, trade, investment, construction, educational partnerships, scientific cooperation, and tourism. What challenges does the relationship pose for Israel and the United States?

  • Jerusalem skyline


    What if Palestinians Start Voting in Jerusalem City Elections?

    Oct 25, 2018

    Blake , et al.

    Since 1967, most Palestinian residents of Jerusalem have boycotted municipal elections to avoid legitimating Israeli rule. But recent polls suggest that some might be warming to the idea of voting. A game with Israeli and Palestinian policy experts examined possible consequences of the boycott ending.

  • Israeli armored vehicles take part in a drill in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights, August 7, 2018 August 7, 2018


    The Growing Risk of a New Middle East War

    Aug 21, 2018

    Baffa, et al.

    Escalating clashes between Israeli and Iranian forces in Syria have demonstrably increased the risk of a new, large-scale regional conflict that would likely involve the U.S. military. Tehran's continued provocations and violations of Israel's stated red lines are fueling escalation with the potential to rapidly spin out of control.

  • Turkish and Israeli flags fly atop the Turkish embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel, June 26, 2016


    Israeli-Turkish Ties Face Formidable Challenges

    Jun 27, 2018


    Israel and Turkey have mutual economic interests, such as trade, tourism, and energy. They have usually been able to separate their economic interests from their political differences, but current relations remain contentious. They differ on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the future of Syria.

  • Palestinian demonstrators run for cover from Israeli fire and tear gas during a protest against the U.S. embassy move to Jerusalem and ahead of the 70th anniversary of Nakba, at the Israel-Gaza border in the Gaza Strip, May 14, 2018


    Five Thoughts on Jerusalem, Gaza, and What's in Between

    May 15, 2018


    Dozens of people have been killed and over 2,000 injured in protests in the Gaza Strip along the border with Israel. Continued clashes are expected until the fundamental problems of the strip are solved, including the governance vacuum, the Palestinian Authority-Hamas rift, and the conflict with Israel.

  • View of Gaza Strip from Israel - October 2009

    Journal Article

    United States Policy Toward the Gaza Strip

    Feb 13, 2018

    Efron , et al.

    Despite a history of limited involvement and domestic political limitations, the United States could increase engagement in Gaza. America has leverage among all actors, which could be used to enhance long-term stabilization and development in the Strip.

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