Israel and the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

Israel faces a wide range of social, economic, and security challenges, some of which stem from the decades-long conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. RAND's research has focused on the costs of this conflict as well as the requirements for a successful Palestinian state. Our experts also focus on domestic challenges within Israel, including long-term economic strategy, police reform, and energy policy.

Our Work

  • Report

    Greater Transparency and Accountability Key to Improving Effectiveness of Israel Police

    Jul 2, 2013

    Saunders, et al.

    An approach to policing known as “procedural justice,” emphasizing transparency and accountability, would help Israel's national police meet current and emerging challenges. The force needs to address issues of civil-police relations, benchmarking, performance measurement, and deterrence.

  • Project

    RAND Palestine Initiative

    Jun 25, 2010

    The RAND Palestine Initiative, a multidisciplinary team of experts from the RAND Corporation that has been working with Palestinians, Israelis, and the international community, presents key aspects of "The Arc," options for strengthening the physical infrastructure for a new Palestinian state.

  • Commentary

    Five Lessons from Israel's Wars in Gaza

    Aug 3, 2017


    After a decade of operating against Hamas in Gaza, the Israel Defense Force has learned many lessons about urban warfare against hybrid adversaries. The last confrontation teaches five basic lessons that apply well beyond Gaza.

  • Report

    Lessons from Israel's Wars in Gaza

    Jul 26, 2017

    Cohen, et al.

    The Israel Defense Force had to evolve to meet an adaptive and determined hybrid adversary during its wars in Gaza. The U.S. Army and the joint force can learn from the IDF's challenge of balancing intense international legal public scrutiny and the hard operational realities of urban warfare.

  • Commentary

    Hamas's Strategic Rebranding

    May 17, 2017


    Hamas has unveiled a revised version of its charter that appears to soften the group's stance toward Israel. Does this represent a shift away from violence and toward a more lasting and peaceful political presence? Or is it a ploy to buy time to rearm?

  • Commentary

    Toward a Renewed Middle East Peace Process

    May 11, 2017


    Momentum is building toward resumption of the dormant Middle East peace process. But there will need to be a clear, consistent plan that delivers quick, tangible results to both sides and helps restore trust between them in order for a peace plan to succeed.

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