Constructs more robust latent trait measures of language fluency using well-established psychometric methods, and re-evaluates the evidence for the wage premium.
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Recent Labor & Population Releases
Decades of Evidence Demonstrate That Early Childhood Programs Can Benefit Children and Provide Economic ReturnsNovember 16, 2017
An updated comprehensive review of rigorous evaluations of early childhood programs confirms and strengthens RAND researchers' findings from previous syntheses showing that many early childhood programs can improve a range of outcomes for children.
Investing Early: Taking Stock of Outcomes and Economic Returns from Early Childhood ProgramsNovember 16, 2017
This report examines evaluations of early childhood programs that meet criteria for scientific rigor and synthesizes their results to better understand program outcomes, costs, and benefits. It focuses on programs serving children or parents of children from the prenatal period to age 5. The programs reviewed use approaches alone or in combination that include early care and education, home visiting, parent education, and government transfers.
Understanding the Effects of Middle School Algebra: A Regression Discontinuity ApproachOctober 20, 2017
Uses a regression discontinuity approach to measure the effects of middle school algebra.
Calculating the Economic Impacts of the Syrian Conflict: Operationalizing the World Bank's Damage and Needs AssessmentOctober 18, 2017
RAND has collaborated with The World Bank to develop an online calculator that allows the user to calculate and forecast the costs of the Syrian war. The calculator combines data from the World Bank with insights from the economics literature to estimate the economic impact of destruction and infrastructure spending in seven key sectors: agriculture, education, energy, health, housing, transportation, and water and sanitation in six war-torn cities.
Developing a Skilled Workforce for the Oil and Natural Gas Industry: An Analysis of Employers and Colleges in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West VirginiaOctober 17, 2017
Horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing to tap natural gas are predicted to bring significant long-term benefits to Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. To inform policy decisions on how best to expand and sustain the pool of workers with knowledge and skills needed by oil and natural gas employers in the tristate region, this report summarizes findings from surveys administered to oil and gas employers and education providers.
Our results suggest that educational programs that engage the user emotionally or physically and involve vicarious experience rather than text-based or passive educational programs are key for making gains in both financial literacy and confidence in financial knowledge.
Subjective Mortality Risk and BequestsOctober 6, 2017
The results of this paper show a strong empirical relevance of subjective survival curves, indicating the importance to take into consideration of this dimension of individual heterogeneity in life cycle models.
Changes in Spending and Labor Supply in Response to a Social Security Benefit Cut: Evidence from Stated Choice DataOctober 5, 2017
The results of this study provide unique information on individuals' responses to a Social Security reform that would implement a 30 percent cut in benefits.
Future Monetary Costs of Dementia in the United States Under Alternative Dementia Prevalence ScenariosOctober 4, 2017
In the present paper we modified the age-specific prevalence rates according to two scenarios.