Apr 27, 2018
Evidence from a large nationally representative dataset shows the prevalence of dementia declined from 2010 to 2012 among the population aged 65 and older in the United States.
Throughout the world, people are living well beyond traditional retirement ages. Some will suffer from health problems while others will remain in good health and continue to participate in the labor force. RAND Labor and Population research findings and recommendations help improve policies that aim to enhance physical conditions, cognitive functioning, medical care, and financial security of aging populations.
Improving the physical and economic well-being of Americans in the years before and after retirement is a key theme of our work, and is one of the focuses of our Center for the Study of Aging and our Center for Chinese Aging Studies, which have been conducting interdisciplinary cutting-edge research for more than two decades. Work in this area is examining, for example, the lifetime risk of needing long-term care, providing model-based estimates of the viability of long-term care insurance, developing long-term care options for dementia, and examining international differences in health and longevity.
The ability to make sound financial decisions is something that affects individuals over the life course, but it particularly affects the elderly as they move toward retirement. This theme is the focus of work in another of our centers, the Center for Financial and Economic Decision Making, which looks at how people collect information, how they think about risks and rewards, and how well they match their financial decisions to their preferences and interests.
This paper explores the utility of two prominent psychological variables - cognitive ability and personality - as predictors, while also substantially expanding the detail with which retirement pathways can be characterized.
In the present paper we modified the age-specific prevalence rates according to two scenarios.
By following individuals over many years as they progress to advanced old age, we estimated how many days individuals will spend in nursing homes and how much they will spend out-of-pocket.
We assess the extent to which personality traits are directly associated with labor force transitions at older ages and moderate the effect of non-monetary job characteristics on retirement decisions.
Examination of factors which influence the propensity for newly admitted older immigrants to receive retirement income from abroad, paying particular attention to the effects of region of birth.
Simulation of means testing benefit schemes showing beneficial effects on poverty and income inequality. Validated with data from a field experiment in Yucatan, Mexico, the simulations provide a good forecast of observed effects in the experiment.
We examine the extent of consumption smoothing between the receipt of benefits by households after the introduction of two non-contributory pension programs in the State of Yucatan, Mexico.
Assesses properties of commonly used estimates of total effects of obesity on mortality and identify consequences of these properties for inferences.
This study explores the influences of retirement planning and saving behavior among urban, low-income, middle-aged and older Hispanics.
This study estimates the proportion of male return migrants aged 50 years and older who reported having contributed to the U.S. social security system, and examines their demographic and migration characteristics.
Analyzes how Social Security Disability Insurance application behavior was affected by iClaim, a 2009 innovation that streamlined the online application process.
The results of this study provide unique information on individuals' responses to a Social Security reform that would implement a 30 percent cut in benefits.